PCE Europe1
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Programme outline

Director: Prof.dr. Thomas Christiansen

Since its inception in 2003, Politics and Culture in Europe (PCE) posited itself as an interdisciplinary research programme that seeks to understand and explain the process of European integration and its political, institutional and ideational specifics. The research group meets every four weeks to discuss substantive and methodological topics and questions presented either by PCE members themselves or by colleagues from other universities.

PCE’s core project: Political and Administrative Challenges for Europe in a Globalizing World
In an attempt to provide a framework for interdisciplinary research and to accommodate the maxim of ‘focus and mass’, PCE has developed a central research project, labelled Political and Administrative Challenges for Europe in a Globalizing World (PACE).
Historical research reminds us that integration has always been contingent upon contextual factors and that disintegration remains a possibility. Research on Europe and on the EU cannot start any longer from the idea that we have reached a stable institutional equilibrium, which only needs to be optimised. Instead it has to address and analyse the pressures and constraints caused and enforced by developments in Europe’s internal and external environments. For Europe and for the EU in particular the challenge is to address these pressures while preserving European values and achievements, such as the welfare state, protection of fundamental rights, democratic institutions, and last but not least the European integration processes itself. At the same time Europe has been (and still is) challenged to actively engage with its external environment and to contribute to the development of global regimes concerning for example human rights, economic and financial regulation, and asylum and migration. Only research that systematically confronts the internal and external challenges Europe and the EU cannot but take up will be able to contribute to solving their present and future problems.
Although Europe (past and present) and in particular the EU and its history are core to the PCE research, PCE’s central research project explicitly welcomes also research on the bureaucratic embedding of non-EU forms of trans-, supra-, and international organizations and on the political representativeness and responsiveness of policy making by these organizations. After all, what unites PCE researchers is an empirical-analytical, historical, and normative interest in the different forms of ‘governance beyond the nation state’, of which the EU is still the most developed instance.
PCE’s central research project encompasses three ‘pillars’: Historicizing European union, Politics and Administration beyond the nation state, and Foreign Policy beyond the Nation State. Within the different pillars three subprojects can be discerned. Each pillar is oordinated by a senior staff member. Together with Research Programme Director Prof. T. Blom they form the management group.

Pillar One: Historicising European Union
 Prof. Dr. K. Patel.

Thematically speaking Pillar One focuses on Forms of European Cooperation Since the 19th Century. It starts from the observation that innovative forms of governance beyond the nation state can already be found in nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century international organisations. The main question here is: What is the place of the EU and its predecessors in the history of cooperation at the inter- and transnational level? Historicising and contextualising European union implies not only an analysis of the predecessors of the EU and the contribution of its member states, but also of transnational actors and alternative forms and forums of cooperation. Approaching European union in these ways opens up new perspectives on topics ranging from the role of European cooperation in global networks and constellations to the place/function of the EU in contemporary politics of European identity.

Against this background three subthemes have been developed.

1.1) Subtheme one, ‘Transnational experts in European and imperial contexts’ zooms in on the simultaneous rise of expertise in its modern form with the expansion of international organizations and transnational platforms since the 19th century. Long seen as a period of rivalry between empires, newer research on high imperialism highlights the forms of cooperation between various empires, and the key role experts have played in them. The League of Nations during the 20th century’s interwar period is another case in point: also here, transnational experts were key in formulating new ideas about governance beyond the nation state for and in Europe.

Contributing staff: K.K. PatelV. LagendijkP. del Hiero

1.2) Subtheme two, ‘History of the EU amidst other International Organizations’, focuses on the multiplicity of other forums beyond the nation state in which the EU’s predecessors were embedded from the outset. It starts from the assumption that the EU was more often a late-comer than a pioneer at the stage of international cooperation, and that its increasing significance can only be explained when put into context. Cooperation, competition, division of labor –these are but three of several forms of interaction that characterize(d) the relationship of the EU (incl. its predecessors) to a whole host of other organizations, including the Council of Europe, the OECD, and NATO.

Contributing staff: K.K. PatelN. Randeraad

1.3) Finally, subtheme three, ‘Role of International Organizations in creating a European sphere of political action’ starts from the assumption that Europe is not an obvious or natural space in which cooperation unfolded. To some extent, “Europe”—as an epistemic, geopolitical, and organizational entity—has only emerged from the intensifying cooperation in this world region. Subtheme three thus looks at very similar issues as subthemes one and two; however, it treats Europe more explicitly as an actor category and relates developments here to processes in other parts of the world.

Contributing staff: V. LagendijkA. Sierp

Pillar Two: Politics and Administration beyond the Nation State
 Prof. Dr. T. Christiansen.

Pillar Two focuses on the political and bureaucratic dimensions of established forms of supra- and international governance. This implies attention both to the transparency, accountability and public responsiveness of supra- and international policy making, and to the role and functions of the bureaucracies in which the different forms of ‘governance beyond the nation state’ are embedded. The research on supra- and international bureaucracies pays especially attention to the way policy relevant information is accessed, channeled and processed by these bureaucracies (‘politics of information’), and to the way they organize and handle experts and expertise (‘constitutive and operational politics of expertise’). Pillar Two acknowledges in particular the need for comparing the EU’s administrative system with that of other regional or international organisations, with the aim of identifying similarities and differences in the behaviour and performance of trans-, supra-, and international bureaucracies. Again three subthemes can be discerned:

2.1) ‘Administrative governance in the EU and other International Organizations’ concentrates on the role and influence of bureaucracies in multi-layered systems of supra- and international policy-making. While the EU polity, being one of the most advanced examples of multi-level governance, will be a central concern, the research program has a broader focus as it will include also the role of bureaucracies in the emerging system of global governance. Quite naturally, a concern with the influence that administrative actors/units exert on the content, scope and execution of policies formally decided upon by (democratically elected) ‘political’ actors, fuels normative worries about the democratic quality of supra and international politics.

Contributing staff: T. BlomT. ChristiansenT. ConzelmannA. NastaseP. Stephenson,  E. Radulova

2.2) Democratic and responsive Governance covers qualitative research into the role and functions of the European Parliament (and its bureaucracy!) and its interactions with domestic Parliaments as well as quantitative research into the responsiveness to European citizens of EU policy making. Distinct, but related to problems concerning responsiveness and accountability is research on the European public sphere and on the role in, and the contribution of national newspapers to the development of truly European political debates and deliberation. Finally, under this subtheme also research is done on the democratic inclusion of migrants and national minorities, especially with a focus on the politics of citizenship.

Contributing staff: C. ArnoldP. BijsmansT. ChristiansenC. NeuholdE. SapirA. SchakelH. SchmeetsM. ShackletonA. Herranz Surralles

2.3) Risk Governance focuses on European and International policies (and their implementation/enforcement), which are supposed to prevent and address transboundary health-related and environmental, as well as economic-financial disasters.  As the implementation and enforcement of these policies are key to the usefulness of these risk prevention policies, again there is a strong emphasis on the bureaucracies responsible for monitoring and improving Member States’ compliance with these policies, the most important examples of such bureaucracies being the European Agencies.

Contributing staff: M. van AsseltE. VersluisA. SpendzharovaC. Neuhold

Pillar Three: Foreign Policy beyond the Nation State
  T. Conzelmann.

Pillar Three departs from the observation that the end of the Cold War and the emergence of a multipolar world system have given new impetus to the EU’s international role. It has developed into an important diplomatic actor and crisis manager. Against that background three areas are singled out as being of particular interest.

3.1) The subtheme The EU diplomatic system concerns the role and influence of non-elected career diplomats in multilateral foreign policymaking. Special attention is given to the institutional architecture since the Lisbon Treaty. In research related to this theme there is again a particular interest in, and emphasis on the ‘politics of information and expertise’, relating this subtheme directly to themes 1.1) Transnational experts in European and imperial contexts and 2.1)Administrative governance in the EU and other International Organizations. Although here the EU is of central interest, attention is also given to how the EU compares to activities undertaken by other bureaucratic organizations supporting foreign politics and policy making. Such a comparative approach allows a better understanding of the specific qualities of the European foreign policymaking process.

Contributing staff: T. BlomH. DijkstraP. PetrovS. Vanhoonacker

3.2)  Exporting norms and values stands for research that investigates the more normative and alleged ‘soft power’ aspects of EU foreign policy. PCE members working on this theme display a strong interest in the European Neighborhood Policy and its conditionality approach. At the same time an interest in EU foreign policy beyond the EU’s direct neighborhood is on the rise, concerning for example EU-Asia relations. Given its concern with normative-political issues, and with ‘good governance’ this subtheme is obviously linked to theme 2.2) Democratic and responsive Governance.

Contributing staff: G. BosseA. DandashlyG. NoutchevaA. Herranz Surralles

3.3) Compared to subtheme 3.2, subtheme Crisis Management focuses on the more material and operational dimensions of EU foreign policy. Clear instances of research conducted under this label are investigations of the civilian and military crisis management missions the EU has undertaken since 2003, with special attention for recent crises and a comparative approach with the role of other regional organisations in crisis management. Yet also the substantial contributions to PCE by researchers in the field of migration and asylum can be subsumed under this label, if only because migration is often directly related to civilian and military crises, and can turn all too easily in a humanitarian crisis. Moreover, a clear link is discernible between this theme and theme 2.3) Risk Governance.

Contributing staff: H. DijkstraP. PetrovH. SchmeetsS. Vanhoonacker



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For an overview of all our 2017 publications, click here  .

Selection of Publications (2008-2013) per pillar; for a more detailed overview, see the individual websites of the researchers. 

Historicising European Union

  • Del Hierro, P. (2013). El tándem Sangróniz-Ponce de León: los primeros pasos de la acción cultural franquista en Italia, 1945-1955. Historia del Presente, 22, 19-27.
  • Geary, M.J. (2009). An Inconvenient Wait: Ireland's Quest for Membership of the EEC, 1957 - 73. Dublin: Institute of Public Administration.
  • Geary, M.J. (2009). An Inconvenient Wait: Ireland's Quest for Membership of the EEC, 1957-73. Dublin: Institute of Public Administration.
  • Geary, M.J. (2013). Enlarging the European Union:  The Commission Seeking Influence, 1961-73. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Geary, M.J. (2009). A Public Courtship: the European Commission's Relations with the US Government, 1958 - 63. In C. Hynes & S. Scanlon (Eds.), Reform and Renewal: Transatlantic Relations during the 1960s and 1970s (pp. 43-58). London: Cambridge Publishing.
  • Germond, C.S., Seidel, K. & Spoerer, M. (2010). Special Issue: Ambitions and Reality of the Common Agricultural Policy: Historical and Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Journal of European Integration History, 16 (2), 9-162.
  • Germond, C.S. (2010). The Agricultural Bone of Contention: The Franco-German Tandem and the Making of the CAP, 1963-1966. Journal of European Integration History, 16 (2), 179-198.
  • Germond, C.S. & Türk, H. (2008). A History of Franco-German Relations in Europe: From "Hereditary Enemies" to Partners. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Germond, C.S. (2010). A "Cordial Potentiality"? Charles de Gaulle and the Franco-German Partnership. In A. Locher, G. Martin & C. Nuenlist (Eds.), Globalizing de Gaulle: International Perspectives on French Foreign Policies (Harvard Cold War Book Series) (pp. 43-62). Lanham: Rowman & Litlefield.
  • Germond, C.S. (2012). Franco-German Dynamic Duos: Giscard-Schmidt and Mitterrand-Kohl. In A. Menon, E. Jones & S. Weatherhil (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of European Union (pp. 193-205). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Germond, C.S. & Türk, H. (2008). Intorduction Old Foes and New Friends. In C. Germond & H. Türk (Eds.), A History of Franco-German Relations in Europe: From "Hereditary Enemies" to Partners (pp. 1-10). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Germond, C.S. (2013). Preventing Reform? Agricultural Interest Groups and the Common Agricultural Policy. In W. Kaiser & J.-H. Meyer (Eds.), Non-State Actors in European Integration 1958-1992. From Polity-Building to Transnational Politics and Policy-Making?, (Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics) (pp. 106-128). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Germond, C.S. (2009). The End of the Cold War and the Unification of the European Continent. In K. Larres (Ed.), A Companion to Europe Since 1945. London: Blackwell.
  • Germond, C.S. (2009). Un Traite mort-né? Les relations institutionnelles franco-allemandes de 1963 à 1969. In M. Libera & B. Wassenberg (Eds.), L'Europe au c'ur: Etudes pour Marie-Therese Bitsch (pp. 117-140). Bruxelles: Peter Lang.
  • Lagendijk, V.C. & Van der Vleuten, E.B.A. (2013). Inventing Electrical Europe: Interdependencies, Borders, Vulnerabilities. In P. Högselius, A. Hommels, A. Kaijser & E.B.A. Van der Vleuten (Eds.), The Making of Europe's Critical Infrastructure: Common Connections and Shared Vulnerabilities (pp. 57-96). New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
  • Leonards, C.G.T.M. & Randeraad, N. (2010). Transnational Experts in Social Reform, 1840-1880. International Review of Social History, 55 (2), 215-239. doi: 10.1017/S0020859010000179
  • Patel, K.K. (2013). Integration by Interpellation: The European Capitals of Culture and the Role of Experts in EU Cultural Policies. Journal of Common Market Studies, 51, 538-554. doi: 10.1111/jcms.12009
  • Patel, K.K. (2011). La Scienza nei Tempi di Wikileaks. Riflessioni sulla Storia contemporanea nel Ventunesimo secolo. Memoria & Ricerca, 37, 155-171.
  • Patel, K.K. (2013). Provincialising European Union: Co-operation and Integration in Europe in a Historical Perspective. Contemporary European History, 22, 649-673. doi: 10.1017/S0960777313000404
  • Patel, K.K. (2011). The Paradox of Planning. German Agricultural Policy in a European Perspective, 1920s to 1970s. Past & Present, 212, 239-269. doi: 10.1093/pastj/gtr005
  • Patel, K.K. & Schot, J. (2011). Twisted Paths to European Integration: Comparing Agriculture and Transport in a Transnational Perspective. Contemporary European History, 20, 383-403. doi: 10.1017/S0960777311000440
  • Patel, K.K. (2013). Where and when was Europe? Europeanness and its Relationship to Migration. National Identities, 15, 21-32. doi: 10.1080/14608944.2012.733152
  • Patel, K.K. (2012). William Penn und sein Essay Towards the Present and Future Peace of Europe (1693): Friedensfürst, Vordenker europäischer Einigung oder Machtpolitiker? Historische Zeitschrift, 295 (2), 330-357. doi: 10.1524/hzhz.2012.0463
  • Patel, K.K. & Weisbrode, K. (2013). Afterword. In K.K. Patel & K. Weisbrode (Eds.), European Integration and the Atlantic Community in the 1980s (pp. 285-289). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Patel, K.K. (2011). Die "Volkserziehungsschule" - Der Arbeitsdienst für Männer und Frauen. In K.-P. Horn & J. Link (Eds.), Erziehungsverhältnisse im Nationalsozialismus (pp. 187-203). Bad Heilbrunn: Klinkhardt.
  • Patel, K.K. & Schweitzer, H. (2013). EU Competition Law in Historical Context: Continuity and Change. In K.K. Patel & H. Schweitzer (Eds.), The Historical Foundations of EU Competition Law (pp. 207-230). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Patel, K.K. (2012). Europäische Integration. In J. Dülffer &  W. Loth (Eds.), Dimensionen internationaler Geschichte (pp. 353-372). Munich: Oldenbourg.
  • Patel, K.K. (2011). Gemeinsame Arbeit am "Neuen Menschen". Insassen und Personal in den Lagern des NS-Regimes. In F. Bretschneider, M. Scheutz & A.S. Weiß (Eds.), Personal und Insassen von Totalen Institutionen in der Neuzeit - zwischen Konfrontation und Verflechtung (pp. 337-357). Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag.
  • Patel, K.K. (2011). Germany and European Integration since 1945. In H.W. Smith (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Modern German History (pp. 775-794). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Patel, K.K. (2013). Integration through Expertise: Transnational Experts in European Cultural Policies. In K.K. Patel (Ed.), The Cultural Politics of Europe: European Capitals of Culture and European Union since the 1980's (pp. 72-92). London: Routledge.
  • Patel, K.K. (2012). Interests and Ideas: Alan Milward, The Europeanization of Agricultural Protection, and the Cultural Dimensions of European Integration,. In F. Guirao, F. Lynch & S.M. Ramirez Perez (Eds.), Alan S. Milward and a Century of European Change (pp. 405-421). Houndmills.
  • Patel, K.K. (2013). Introduction. In K.K. Patel (Ed.), The Cultural Politics of Europe: European Capitals of Culture and European Union since the 1980's (pp. 1-15). Routledge.
  • Patel, K.K. & Schweitzer, H. (2013). Introduction. In K.K. Patel & H. Schweitzer (Eds.), The Historical Foundations of EU Competition Law (pp. 1-19). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Patel, K.K. & Weisbrode, K. (2013). Introduction: Old Barriers, New Openings. In Weisbrode,.K. Patel, K.K. (Ed.), European Integration and the Atlantic Community in the 1980s (pp. 1-16). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Patel, K.K. (2011). Rivalisierende Raum-Zeit-Ordnungen. Verhandeln im Europäischen Integrationsprozess im 20. Jahrhundert. In G. Heeg (Ed.), Globalizing Areas, kulturelle Flexionen und die Herausforderung der Geisteswissenschaften (pp. 61-77). Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag.
  • Patel, K.K. (2012). Rockefeller Foundation, Kalter Krieg und Amerikanisierung. In J. Krige & H. Rausch (Eds.), American Foundations and the Co-Production of World Order in the Twentieth Century (pp. 173-185). Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
  • Randeraad, N. (2011). The International Statistical Congress (1853-1876): Knowledge Transfers and their Limits. European History Quarterly, 41 (1), 50-65. doi: 10.1177/0265691410385759
  • Randeraad, N. (2010). States and Statistics in the Nineteenth Century. Europe by Numbers. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
  • Randeraad, N. (2012). Commemorating the Dutch Republic. The Politics of Urban Identity. In E. Betta, D.L. Caglioti & E. Papadia (Eds.), Forme del politico. Studi di storia per Raffaele Romanelli (pp. 281-300). Roma: Viella.
  • Randeraad, N. (2008). Politiche pubbliche e totalitarismi. Le sfide delle amministrazione negli anni Trenta. In G. Melis (Ed.), Lo Stato negli anni Trenta. Instituzioni e regimi fasscisti in Europa. Bologna: Il Mulino.

Politics and Administration beyond the Nation State 

  • Arnold, C.U. (with Franklin, M.N.) (Eds.). (2013). Assessing Political Representation in Europe. Abingdon, Oxon & New York: Routledge.
  • Arnold, C.U. & Franklin, M.N. (2012). Introduction: Issue Congruence and Political Responsiveness. West European Politics, 35(6), 1217 - 1225.
  • Arnold, C.U., Sapir, E.V. & de Vries, C.E. (2012). Parties' Positions on European Integration: Issue Congruence, Ideology or Context? West European Politics, 35(6), 1341-1362.
  • Arnold, C.U., Sapir, E.V. & Zapryanova, G. (2012). Trust in the Institutions of the European Union: A Cross-Country Examination. European Integration online Papers-EIoP, Special Mini-issue 2, 16, Article 8.
  • Arnold, C. (with M. Hosli) (2010). The Importance of Actor Cleavages in Negotiating the European Constitution. International Studies Quarterly, 54(3), 615 - 632.
  • Asselt, M.B.A. van, Versluis, E. & Vos, E.I.L. (2012). Balancing between Trade and Risk: Integrating Legal and Social Science Perspectives. London: Routledge.
  • Asselt, M.B.A. van, Vos, E. & Rooijackers, B. (2009). Science, knowledge and uncertainty in EU risk regulation. In M. Everson & E. Vos (eds.), Uncertain risks regulated (pp. 359 – 388). Abington: Routledge.
  • Asselt, M.B.A. van (2009). Uncertainty management in integrated regional assessment. In C.G. Knight & J. Jäger (eds), Integrated Regional Assessment of global climate change (pp. 90n – 116). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Asselt, M.B.A. van, Vos, E. & Fox, T. (2010). Regulating technologies and the uncertainty paradox. In M.E.A. Goodwin, B.J. Koops & R. Leenes (eds.), Dimensions of technology regulation (pp. 259 - 284). Wolf legal Publishers.
  • Asselt, M.B.A., van, Klooster, S.A. van‘t Notten, P.W.F van & Smits, L.A. (2010). Foresight in action: Developing policy-oriented scenarios. Earthscan, London, UK.
  • Beuningen, J. van & Schmeets, J.J.G. (2012). Developing a Social Capital Index for the Netherlands. Social Indicators Research, online first 29 August 2012. DOI: 10.1007/s11205-012-0129-2.
  • Blom, T., Radulova, E., & Arnold, C. (2008). Theorizing Modes of Governance in the EU: Institutional Design and Informational Complexity. European Governance Papers (EUROGOV), No. C-08-04.
  • Bijsmans, P. (2009). Parlez-Vous Europeen? Europadebat en Communicatiebeleid. Bestuurskunde, 18(2), 43 – 52.
  • Christiansen, T. & Neuhold, C. (2013). Informal Politics in the EU. Journal of Common Market Studies, 51(6), 1196-1206.
  • Christiansen, T. & Dobbels, M.J. (2012). Comitology and Delegated Acts after Lisbon: How the European Parliament Lost the Implementation Game. European Integration online Papers-EIoP, 16, Article 13.
  • Christiansen, T., Duke, S. & Kirchner, E. (2012). Understanding and Assessing the Maastricht Treaty. Journal of European Integration, 34(7), 685 - 698.
  • Christiansen, T. & Neuhold, C. (2010). The International Handbook on Informal Governance. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  • Christiansen, T. & Laursen, F. (2010). EU Treaty Reform and Intergovernmental Conferences. Living Reviews in European Governance.
  • Christiansen, T. (2010). Comitology – Committees in the Enlarged European Union: Administrative Fusion still in Action? In U.Diedrichs, A.Faber, F.Tekin & G.Umbach (eds), Europe Reloaded: Differentiation or Fusion? Festschrift in honour of Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Wessels. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlag.
  • Christiansen, T., Oettel, J. & Vaccari, B. (2009). 21st Century Comitology: The Role of Implementation Committees in the Wider European Union. Maastricht: EIPA.
  • Christiansen, T. (2009). The European Commission in the Early 21st Century. In L.Verhey, P.Kiiver & S.Loeffen (eds.), Political Accountability and European Integration. Groningen: Europa Law Publishing.
  • Christiansen, T. & Vanhoonacker, S. (2008). At a critical juncture? Change and continuity in the institutional development of the Council Secretariat. Western European Politics, 31, 751 – 770.
  • Christiansen, T. (with E. Best & P. Settembri). (2008). The Institutions of the Enlarged European Union: Continuity and Change. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  • Christiansen, T. & Best. E. (2010). Regionalism in International Affairs. In J.Baylis, S.Smith & P.Owens (eds.), The Globalisation of World Politics 5th ed (pp. 4343 - 449). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Christiansen, T. (2010). The EU Reform Process: From the ‘European Constitution’ to the Lisbon Treaty. In M.Carbone (ed.), National Politics and European Integration: From the Constitution to the Lisbon Treaty (pp. 16 - 33). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  • Conzelmann, T. (2012). A Procedural Approach to the Design of Voluntary Clubs: Negotiating the Responsible Care Global Charter. Socio-Economic Review,10(1), 193 - 214.
  • Conzelmann, T. (2011). A Procedural Approach to the Design of Voluntary Clubs: Negotiating the Responsible Care Global Charter. Socio-Economic Review, 10(1), 193-214.
  • Conzelmann, T. (2010). Neofunktionalismus (Neofunctionalism). In S. Schieder & M. Spindler (eds.), Theorien der Internationalen Beziehungen (pp. 157 - 186). Opladen: Barbara Budrich (3rd edition).
  • Conzelmann, T. & Faust, J. (2009). ”Nord” und ”Süd” im globalen Regieren. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 50 (2), 203 – 225.
  • Conzelmann, T. (2008). A New Mode of Governing? Multi-level Governance between Cooperation and Conflict. In T. Conzelmann & R. Smith (eds.), Multi-level Governance in the European Union. Taking Stock and Looking Ahead (pp. 11 – 30). Baden-Baden: Nomos.
  • Conzelmann, T. (2008). Beyond the Carrot and the Stick: State Reporting Procedures in the WTO and the OECD. In J. Joachim, B. Reinalda & B. Verbeek (eds.), International Organizations and Implementation (pp. 35 – 47). London, New York: Routledge.
  • Conzelmann, T. (2008). A New Public-Private Divide? Co- and Self-Regulation in the European Union. In B. Kohler-Koch & F. Larat (eds.), Efficient and Democratic Governance in the European Union (Connex Report Series No. 9) (pp. 119 – 150). Mannheim: Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung.
  • Dobbels, M.J. & Neuhold, C. (2012). 'The Roles Bureaucrats Play': The Input of European Parliament (EP) Administrators into the Ordinary Legislative Procedure: A Case Study Approach. Journal of European Integration, online first 19 June 2012. DOI: 10.1080/07036337.2012.689832.
  • Dronkers, J. & Vink, M. (2012). Explaining Access to Citizenship in Europe: How Citizenship Policies Affect Naturalisation Rates. European Union Politics, 13(3), 390 - 412.
  • Feskens, R.C.W., Schmeets, J.J.G. & Hox, J.J. (2012). Looking for Homogeneous Groups of Respondents and Nonrespondents Using Latent Class Analysis. Social Science Research, 41(3), 671 - 680.
  • Fox, T., Versluis, E. & Asselt, M.B.A. van (2011). Regulating the Use of Bisphenol A in Baby and Children’s Products in the European Union: Current Developments and Scenarios for the Regulatory Future. European Journal of Risk Regulation, 2(1), 21-35.
  • Groot, de, G.R. & Vink, M. (2008). Meervoudige Nationaliteit in Europees Perspectief: een landenvergelijkend overzicht (ACVZ Voorstudie). Den Haag: Adviescommissie voor Vreemdelingenzaken, 179. [“Multiple Nationality in European Perspective: A Comparative Overview – Study commissioned by Advisory Committee for Aliens Affairs”]
  • Hoerner, J. & Stephenson, P. (2012). Theoretical Perspectives on Approaches to Policy Evaluation in the EU: The Case of Cohesion Policy. Public Administration,90(3), 699 - 715.
  • Hoogenboezem, J. (2011). Brinkmanship and Beyond: The Political Leadership of Franklin D. Roosevelt. In D.S. Bell (Ed.), Political Leadership. London: Sage Publications.
  • Hoogenboezem, J.A. (2010). Kruls, Een Politieke Generaal. Amsterdam: Boom
  • Neuhold, C.  & Ruiter, R. de. (2010). Out of REACH? Parliamentary control in the Netherlands and the UK. Journal of Legislative Studies, 57 – 73.
  • Neuhold, C. & Ruiter, R de (2012). Why is Fast Track the Way to Go? Justifications for Early Agreement in the Co-Decision Procedure and Their Effects. European Law Journal, 18(4), 536 - 554.
  • Neuhold, C.  & Settembri, P. (2009). Achieving consensus through committees: Does the European Parliament manage? . Journal of Common Market Studies, January  2009, 47(1), 127 – 151.
  • Neuhold, C. (2009). The scrutinizing powers of the European Parliament over Community implementing legislation. In H. Hofmann & A. Tuerk, The Move to an Integrated Administration – Legal Challenges in EU Administrative Law. Cheltenham: Edgar Elgar.
  • Neuhold, C. (2008).  Taming the ‘Trojan Horse’ of Comitology? Accountability issues of Comitology and the Role of the European Parliament. European Integration Online papers (EIoP), 12(1).
  • Radulova, E. (2007). The OMC – an Opaque Method of Consideration or Deliberative Governance in Action? Journal of European Integration, 29 (3), 363 – 380.
  • Reslow, N. (2012). Deciding on EU external Migration Policy: the Member States and the Mobility Partnerships. Journal of European Integration, 34(3), 223 - 239.
  • Reslow, N. (2012). The Role of Third Countries in EU Migration Policy: the Mobility Partnerships. European Journal of Migration and Law, 14(4), 393 - 415.
  • Sapir, E.V. & Sullivan, J. (2012). Ma Ying-Jeou's Presidential Discourse. Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 41(3), 33 - 68.
  • Sapir, E.V. & Sullivan, J. (2012). Modeling Negative Campaign Advertising: Evidence from Taiwan. Asian Journal of Communication, 22(3), 289 - 303.
  • Sapir, E.V. & Sullivan, J. (2012). Nasty or nice? Explaining Positive and Negative Campaign behavior in Taiwan. China Journal, 67(1), 149 - 170.
  • Sapir, E.V., Arnold, C.U. & Vries, C.E. de (2012). Parties' Positions on European Integration: Issue Congruence, Ideology or Context? West European Politics, 35(6), 1341 – 1362.
  • Schakel, A.H. (2012). Nationalisation of Multilevel Party Systems: A Conceptual and Empirical Analysis. European Journal of Political Research, online first 10 August 2012. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-6765.2012.02067.x.
  • Schakel, A.H. & Jeffery, C. (2012). Are Regional Elections really Second-Order? Regional Studies, online first 15 June 2012. DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2012.690069.
  • Schmeets, H. (2010). Increasing Response Rates and the Consequences in the Dutch Parliamentary Election Study 2006. Field Methods, 22(4), 391 - 412.
  • Schmeets, H., (ed.) (2010). Sociale Samenhang: Participatie, Vertrouwen en Integratie. Den Haag/Heerlen: CBS.
  • Spendzharova, A. & Versluis, E. (2013). Issue salience in the European Policy Process: what impact on transposition? Journal of European Public Policy, 20(10), 1499-1516.
  • Spendzharova, A. (2012). Is More `Brussels’ the Solution? New European Union Member States’ Preferences about the European Financial Architecture. Journal of Common Market Studies, 50(2), 315 – 334.
  • Spendzharova, A. & Vachudova, M.A. (2012). Catching Up? Consolidating Liberal Democracy in Bulgaria and Romania after EU Accession. West European Politics,35(1), 39 - 58.
  • Spendzharova, A. (2010). Multi-level Governance of Banking Regulation in the EU: Evidence from Developing Bank Supervision in Bulgaria and Hungary. Journal of European Integration, 32(3), 249 – 268.
  • Stephenson, P. (2013). 20 Years of Multi-Level Governance: Where Does It Come From? What Is It? Where Is It Going? Journal of European Public Policy, 20(6), 817-837.
  • Stephenson, P. (2012). Napoleon, Nostalgia and Number Plates: an Analysis of the Reactions to the Attali Commission's Proposal to Abolish the French Départment. Journal of Contemporary European Studies, 20(4), 477 - 495.
  • Stephenson, P. (2012). Talking Space: the European Commission's Changing Frames in Defining Galileo. Space Policy, 28(2), 86 - 93.
  • Stephenson, P. J. (2011). Image and Venue as Factors mediating latent Spillover Pressure for Agenda-setting Change. Journal of European Public Policy, DOI:10.1080/13501763.2011.614141.
  • Stephenson, P. (2010). The Role of Working Groups of Commissioners in Co-ordinating Policy Implementation: The Case of Trans-European Networks (TENs). JCMS 48(3), 709 – 736.
  • Stephenson, P. (2010). Let’s get physical: the European Commission and cultivated spillover in completing the single market’s transport infrastructure. JEPP 17(7), 1038 – 1056.
  • Stephenson, P.J. (2009). Catching the Train to Europe: Executive Control of Policy Formulation inside Spain’s Parliamentary European Union Affairs Committee. South European Society and Politics, 14(3), 317 – 336.
  • Stephenson, P. J. (2009). Hot Under the Collar: Lessons from the 2003 Heatwave in France and the Security Implications for Coping with Environmental Threats in the EU. Journal of Contemporary European Research, 5(2), 293 – 311.
  • Suvarierol, S., Versluis, E. & Mastenbroek, E. (2010). De Commissie en de agentschappen: een Europese superregering? In A. Van der Vleuten (ed.), De Bestuurlijke Kaart van de Europese Unie. Instellingen, besluitvorming en beleid (pp. 53 - 73). Bussum: Coutinho (2nd edition).
  • Versluis, E., van Keulen, M. & Stephenson, P. (2011). Analyzing the European Union Policy Process. Palgrave MacMillan (European Union Series).
  • Versluis, E., Asselt, M.B.A. van, Fox, T. & Hommels, A. (2010). The EU Seveso regime in practice: From uncertainty blindness to uncertainty tolerance. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 184, 627 - 631.
  • Versluis, E., Van Asselt, M., Fox, T. & Hommels, A. (2010). Calculable Risks? An analysis of the European Seveso Regime. In M. Goodwin, B.J. Koops & R. Leenes (eds.), Dimensions of Technology Regulation (pp. 21 – 37). Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers.
  • Versluis, E. (with M. Groenleer & M. Kaeding) (2010). Regulatory Governance through EU Agencies? The Role of the European Agencies for Maritime and Aviation Safety in the Implementation of European Transport Legislation. Journal of European Public Policy.
  • Versluis, E. (with S. Adamini &  H. Maarse) (2010). EU Policymaking on the Tobacco Advertising Ban: Overcoming the Deadlock, Health Economics, Policy and Law.
  • Versluis, E. (with S. Adamini, H. Maarse & D. Light) (2009). Policy Making on Data Exclusivity in the European Union: From Industrial Interests to Legal Realities. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 34(6), 979 – 1010.
  • Versluis, E., Klip, A. & Polak, J. (2009). Improving mutual trust amongst European Union Member States in the areas of police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters. Lessons from the operation of monitoring, evaluation and inventory mechanisms in the first and third pillars of the European Union. In M. Dane & A. Klip (eds.), An additional evaluation mechanism in the field of EU judicial cooperation in criminal matters to strengthen mutual trust (pp. 99 – 248). Tilburg: Celsus Legal Publishers.
  • Versluis, E. (2008). The Achilles’ heel of European regulation. National administrative styles and the Commission’s neglect of practical implementation. In J. Joachim, B. Reinalda & B. Verbeek (eds.), International Organizations and Policy Implementation. Enforcers, managers, authorities? (pp. 120 – 134).  London: Routledge.
  • Vink, M. (Ed.). (2012). Migration and Citizenship Attribution: Politics and Policies in Western Europe. London: Routledge.
  • Vink, M. & Evans, A.M. (2012). Measuring Group Switching in the European Parliament: Methodology, Data and Trends (1979-2009). Análise Social, 47(202), 92 - 112.
  • Vink, M. & G.R. de Groot (2010). Citizenship Attribution in Western Europe: International Framework and Domestic Trends. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36(5), 713 - 734.
  • Vink, M. (2010). European Integration and Domestic Immigration Policies: Convergence, Causality and Counterfactuals. In A. Luedtke (ed.), Migrants and Minorities: the European Response (pp. 37 – 60). Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Press.
  • Vink, M. (with Costa Lobo, M. & Lisi, M.) (2010). Mapping the Political Landscape: A Portuguese Vote Advice Application. In L. Cedroni & D. Garzia (eds.), Voting Advice Applications in Europe: The State of the Art (pp. 139 – 166). ScriptaWeb. 
  • Vink, M. (2010). [Review of: Guild, E., Groenendijk, K. & Carrera, S., Illiberal Liberal States: Immigration, Citizenship and Integration in the EU. Publisher: Ashgate, Surrey (2009)]. In: Acta Politica, 45(4), 479 - 499.
  • Vink, M. & Groot, G.R. de (2010). Birthright Citizenship: Trends and Regulations in Europe. Comparative Report, RSCAS/EUDO-CIT-Comp. 2010/8. EUDO Citizenship Observatory, November, 35.
  • Vink, M., ed. (2010). Migration and Citizenship Attribution: Politics and Policies in Western Europe. Special issue of  Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 36 (5).
  • Vink, M. and G.R. de Groot (2010). Citizenship Attribution across Europe: International Framework and Domestic Trends. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 36(5), 713 – 734.
  • Vink, M. & van Vliet, O. (2009). Not quite crisp, not yet fuzzy? Assessing the potentials and pitfalls of multi-value QCA. Field Methods 21(3), 265 – 289.
  • Vink, M. & Engelmann, C. (2010). Informal Governance in Asylum Politics: European Structures in International Context. In T. Christiansen & C. Neuhold (eds.), International Handbook on Informal Governance. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  • Vink, M. (with G.R. De Groot) (2010). Loss of Citizenship: Trends and Regulations in Europe. Comparative Report. RSCAS/EUDO-CIT-Comp. 2010/4. EUDO Citizenship Obervatory.
  • Vink, M. (2010). European Integration and Domestic Immigration Policies: Convergence, Causality and Counterfactuals. In A. Luedtke (ed.), Migrants and Minorities: the European Response (pp. 37 – 60). Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Press.
  • Vink, M. (with M. Costa Lobo & M. Lisi) (2010). Mapping the Political Landscape : A Portuguese Vote AdviceApplication. In L. Cedroni & D. Garzia (eds.), Voting Advisors in Europe: Perspectives from Political Science (pp. 139 – 166).
  • Vink, M. (2008) European Citizens and the Constitutional Treaty. In V.B. Malleswari, ed. Citizenship: Contemporary Issues and Developments, Hyderabad, A.P, India: ICFAI University Press (Amicus Books).

Foreign Policy beyon the Nation state

  • Bosse, G. (2012). A Partnership with Dictatorship: Explaining the Paradigm Shift in European Union Policy towards Belarus. Journal of Common Market Studies, 50(3), 367 – 384.
  • Bosse, G. & Schmidt-Felzmann, A. (2011). The Geopolitics of Energy Security in ‘Wider Europe’. Geopolitics, 16 (3), 497-485.
  • Bosse, G. (2010). The EU’s relations with Moldova: Governance, Partnership or Ignorance? Europe-Asia Studies, 62 (8).
  • Bosse, G. (2010). The EU’s Geopolitical Vision of an European Energy Space: When ‘Gulliver’ Meets ‘White Elephants’ and Babylonian Emperors. Geopolitics, 16 (3).
  • Bosse, G. (2010). The EU’s Role in Georgia: Towards a Coherent Crisis Management Strategy?. In A. Juncos & E. Gross (Ed.), EU Conflict Prevention and Crisis Management: Institutions, Policies and Roles. (Routledge: London).
  • Bosse, G. (2009). The Values/Security Nexus: The Limits of EU Governance in Eastern Europe. Contemporary Politics, 15(2), 215 – 227.
  • Bosse, G. (2009). Changing Belarus? The Limits of EU Governance in Eastern Europe and the Promise of Partnership. Cooperation and Conflict, 44(2), 143 – 65 (with E. Korosteleva).
  • Bosse, G. (2008). Justifying the European Neighbourhood Policy Based on ‘Shared Values’: Can Rhetoric Match Reality? In E. Tulmets & L. Delcour (Ed.), Pioneer Europe? EU Foreign Policy in the Neighbourhood (pp. 43 – 54). Nomos: Baden-Baden.
  • Bosse, G. (2008). The EU’s Neighbourhood Relations with Eastern Europe and Russia: Values, Interests and Future Challenges for EU Foreign Policy. In B. Coskun (Ed.), Neighbourhood Challenge: The European Union and Its Neighbours. Universal Publishers: US.
  • Chappell, L. & Petrov, P. (2012). The European Defence Agency and Permanent Structured Cooperation: Are We Heading Towards Another Missed Opportunity?Defence Studies, 12(1), 44 - 66.
  • Dijkstra, H. (2012). Agenda-setting in the Common Security and Defence Policy: An Institutionalist Perspective. Cooperation and Conflict, 47(4), 454 - 472.
  • Dijkstra, H. (2012). Efficiency versus Sovereignty: Delegation to the UN Secretariat in Peacekeeping. International Peacekeeping, 19(5), 581 - 596.
  • Dijkstra, H. (2012). The Influence of EU Officials in European Security and Defence. European Security, 21(3), 311 - 327.
  • Dijkstra, H. & Vanhoonacker, S. (2011). The Changing Politics of Information in European Foreign Policy. Journal of European Integration, Journal of European Integration, 33 (5), 541-558.
  • Dijkstra, H. (2010). Explaining variation in the role of the EU Council Secretariat in first and second pillar policy-making. Journal of European Public Policy.
  • Dijkstra, H. (2010). The Military Operation of the EU in Chad and the Central African Republic: Good Policy, Bad Politics. International Peacekeeping, 17(3), 395 - 407.
  • Dijkstra, H. (2009). Commission Versus Council Secretariat: An Analysis of Bureaucratic Rivalry in European Foreign Policy. European Foreign Affairs Review.
  • Dijkstra, H. (2008). The Council Secretariat’s Role in the Common Foreign and Security Policy. European Foreign Affairs Review.
  • Juncos, A. & Pomorska, K. (2013). 'In the face of adversity': Explaining the attitudes of EEAS officials vis-a-vis the new service. Journal of European Public Policy, 20(9), 1332-1349.
  • Juncos, A. & Pomorska, K. (2011). Invisible and unaccountable? National Representatives and Council Officials in EU Foreign Policy. Journal of European Public Policy, 18(8), 1096-1114.
  • Noutcheva, G. & Aydin-Düzgit, S. (2012). Lost in Europeanisation: The Western Balkans and Turkey. West European Politics, 35(1), 59 - 78.
  • Noutcheva, G. (2010). [Review of: Laidi, Z. (ed.), EU Foreign Policy in a Globalized World. Normative Power and Social Preferences. Publisher: Routledge (1st edition 2008)]. In: Journal of Contemporary European Studies, 18(1), 138 - 139.
  • Noutcheva, G. (2009). Fake, Partial and Imposed Compliance: The Limits of the EU’s Normative Power in the Western Balkans. Journal of European Public Policy, 16(7), 1065 – 1084.
  • Noutcheva, G. & Bechev, D. (2008). The Successful Laggards: Bulgaria and Romania’s Accession to the EU. East European Politics and Societies, 22(1), 114 – 144.
  • Petrov, P. (with Papadimitriou, D.) (2013). Whose Rule, Whose Law? Contested Statehood, External Leverage and the European Union's Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo. Journal of Common Market Studies, 50(5), 746-763.
  • Petrov, P. (2010). Early Institutionalisation of the ESDP Governance Arrangements: Insights From the Operations Concordia and Artemis. European Integration online Papers (EIoP), 14. Special Issue 1.
  • Petrov, P. (2010). Introducing governance arrangements for EU conflict prevention and crisis management operations: A historical institutionalist perspective. In Gross, E. & Juncos, A.E. (eds.), Making sense of EU conflict prevention and crisis-management policies (pp. 49 - 66). London: Routledge.
  • Petrov, P. (2009). Governing the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP): An institutionalist perspective on the European Union’s military crisis management in the context of operations Concordia (FYROM 2003) and Artemis (DR Congo 2003).
  • Pomorska, K., & Vanhoonacker, S.M.R.L. (2012). Poland in the Driving Seat: A Mature Presidency in Turbulent Times. Journal of Common Market Studies, 50(s2), 576 - 584.
  • Pomorska, K. & Copsey, N. (2010). Poland's Power and Influence in the European Union: the Case of its Eastern Policy. Comparative European Politics, 8(3).
  • Pomorska, K. & Juncos, A. (2010). Secretariat, Facilitator or Policy Entrepreneur? Role perceptions of the officials of the Council Secretariat. European Integration Online Papers, 14.
  • Reslow, N. (2010). Migration and development? An assessment of recent EU policy initiatives. Journal of Contemporary European Research, 6(1), 3 – 21.
  • Strelkov, A. (2010). The silent Europeanization of the post-Soviet space. World Economy and International Relations, 12, 48 - 58.
  • Timus, N. (2010). The Impact of European Democracy Promotion on Party Financing in the East European Neighborhood. European Integration online Papers (EIoP), 14.
  • Vanhoonacker, S. & Pomorska, K. (2013). The European External Action Service and Agenda-setting in European Foreign Policy. Journal of European Public Policy, 20(9), 1316-1331.
  • Vanhoonacker, S.M.R.L. (2012). The Treaty of Amsterdam. In E. Jones, A. Menon & S. Weatherill (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the European Union (pp. 135 – 148). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Vanhoonacker, S. & Jacobs, A. (2010). ESDP and Institutional Change: The Case of Belgium. Security Dialogue, 41(5), 1 - 23.
  • Vanhoonacker, S., Dijkstra, H. & Maurer, H. (eds.) (2010). Understanding the Role of Bureaucracy in the European Security and Defence Policy. European Integration Online Papers, 14, special issue + introduction.
  • Vanhoonacker, S., Dijkstra, H. & Maurer, H. (2010). Understanding the Role of Bureaucracy in the European Security and Defence Policy: The State of the Art. European Integration Online Papers, 14, 1 - 33.
  • Vanhoonacker, S. & Reslow, N. (2010). The European External Action Service: Living Forwards by Understanding Backwards. European Foreign Affairs Review, 15(1), 1 - 18.
  • Vanhoonacker, S., Pomorska, K. & Maurer, H. (2010). The Council Presidency and European Foreign Policy – Challenges for Poland in 2011. Warsaw: Center for International Relations).
  • Vanhoonacker, S. & Shackleton, M. (eds.) (2010). Europe and its citizens: Mind the Gap. Maastricht Monnet Lecture Series Two. PDF
  • Vanhoonacker, S., Dijkstra, H., Maurer, H., Petrov, P. & Pomorska, K. (2009). Understanding the role of the administrative level in ESDP – Towards a new research agenda. CFSP Forum, 7(2), 14 – 17.
  • Vanhoonacker, S. & Shackleton, M. (eds.). The EU institutions beyond Lisbon Future Challenges. Maastricht Monnet Lecture Series One. PDF
  • Vanhoonacker, S. et al. (2009). Understanding the role of the administrative level in ESDP – Towards a new research agenda. CFSP Forum, 7(2), 14 – 17.
  • Vanhoonacker, S. (2008). The European Security and Defence Policy and coherence challenges in the Council. In S. Blockmans (Ed.), The European Union and Crisis Management: Policy and Legal Aspects (pp. 145 – 156). The Hague/Cambridge: T.M.C. Asser Press/ Cambridge University Press. 
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