1. Values

Global justice, human rights, and values 

This stream examines how dynamics in and between local, national, European, and international legal orders can raise questions of fairness, inequality, accountability, legitimacy, and sustainability. It investigates how legal rules and instruments can be used to safeguard these values and reflects on the extent of integration and fragmentation in and between these orders.

This stream also examines how national, international, and European law are or could be used to address political, economic, criminal, environmental, social, and military challenges, and how they relate to domestic policies. It discusses whether the idea of global justice is achievable and to what extent it entails extraterritorial obligations for issues such as human rights violations, refugee crises, the emergence of pandemics, the threat of terrorism, or the transgression of planetary boundaries. Other important themes include the role of different actors in the national, European, and international legal orders, whether there are interdependencies between these orders, and how they influence each other.

The rights-related research in this stream investigates the appropriate scope of economic, social, and cultural rights, and to what extent these rights impose or steer policy making at the national, European, and international level. It also examines the relations between national, regional, and international law, for instance in the context of the European Union or in sub-fields and policy areas, such as security, migration, climate change, digitalisation, social security, and criminal law. Special attention is given to the relationship between the EU and the Council of Europe systems, as well as their interaction with national legal orders.