Seeing through the eye of god - Telegram bots and data protection in Russia

15 April 2021

Telegram is a powerful tool for end-to-end encrypted communication and one of the most popular messenger apps in Russia. However, one aspect often evades public attention: Telegram is swamped with bots which gather and disseminate personal data. 

Valentina Golunova

Valentina Golunova is a PhD candidate at the Faculty of Law of Maastricht University. She holds a Bachelor's degree in Law (Saint Petersburg State University, 2018) and LLM (cum laude) in International and European Law (Tilburg University, 2019).

Valentina's current research interests lie at the intersection of the EU fundamental rights and digital transformations. In her PhD project, she studies the dynamics of EU intermediary liability framework and its impact on freedom of expression and information online. In particular, Valentina examines how proactive content moderation by means of automated tools deployed by digital platforms challenges protection of rights enjoyed by internet users in Europe.

Prior to joining Maastricht University, Valentina worked at the human rights NGO Citizens' Watch (Saint Petersburg, Russia) and was a trainee at the Constitutional Court of Russia.