Schrems II and individual redress-where there’s a will, there’s a way

16 October 2020

The issue of individual redress has bedeviled negotiations between the European Union and the United States for more than two decades. Three adequacy deals - the Passenger Name Record (PNR) Agreement, Schrems I and Schrems II - have now unraveled because the European Court of Justice (CJEU) insists on an effective judicial remedy and the U.S. is unable to provide one.