ITEM Research

ITEM Cross-Border Impact Assessment

ITEM Cross-border Impact Assessment 2019 Dossiers

The dossiers for the 2019 ITEM Cross-border Impact Assessment have been selected. The Cross-border Impact Assessment is one of ITEM's core activities, which investigates the effects of existing and future legislation and regulations on the border regions.

- 90% rule: This dossier is a follow-up investigation into the border effects of the 90% rule. The rule applies to people who reside outside the Netherlands but still need to pay taxes there; they can only make use of the same tax deductions as residents of the Netherlands, if they earn at least 90% of their income in the Netherlands. The Cross-border Impact Assessment of 2017 already mapped how many people might be affected by the rule. In addition, the 2018 Cross-border Impact Assessment provided a first insight into the impact of the measure. As currently additional data are available, the scope of who may be affected by the 90% rule can be better analysed in the 2019 Impact Assessment.

- European Cross-border Mechanism: In May 2018, the European Commission proposed the European Cross-border Mechanism so that conflict situations between conflicting legal provisions in border regions could be resolved. The Cross-border Mechanism should facilitate cross-border cooperation between parties for projects and services. This dossier assesses the potential benefits of the legislative proposal at the German-Dutch and Dutch-Flemish border regions. Furthermore, the effects for a selection of infrastructure projects in selected Euregions are mapped.  

- Nitrates Directive and manure quotas NL/DE: In 1991, the European Council already drew up a directive setting quotas for the use of nitrates and manure. This dossier focuses on the effects of this European Nitrates Directive and manure quotas. This dossier also examines current practice with regard to the import and export of manure and possible fraud at the Dutch-German border.

- Cross-border data: Data collection has been a much debated topic in recent years. However, data collection is focused on the national level and it often ends at the border. This preliminary study investigates the possibilities to make cross-border data available.

- Impacts on cross-border cohesion: It is the aim of many Euregional organisations and INTERREG programmes to improve cooperation and the territorial cohesion in cross-border regions. One important element of this has been the stimulation of positive perceptions of citizens, companies and the public sector of cross-border cooperation. However, many cross-border regions have difficulties to monitor and measure the perception of citizens and other stakeholders, the quality of cohesion and cross-border cooperation in a broader sense. There is in the first place uncertainty about the right indicators and data for doing so. In order to conduct in 2020 an impact assessment of the current INTERREG programmes with respect to its effects on cross-border cohesion, this dossier will develop a methodology in particular to measure the qualitative aspects of territorial cohesion with a special view on the perception of citizens, companies and public bodies. 

- Governance under the new Interreg Regulation: Interreg is a European Union programme that is committed to blurring borders in Europe. The new Interreg regulation for the programme period 2021-2027 states that each Interreg programme area must allocate at least 15% of the budget to governance. However, what is governance and what exactly is the goal of the 15% requirement? What are the expectations with respect to the programmes in the Benelux area? What could be the effect of this stronger emphasis on governance? What is the support today and how would the new regulation change the scope of the future programmes? An answer to these questions is given in this dossier.

 - Law on the standardisation of civil servants: On 1 January 2020, the new Act on the Legal Status of Civil Servants will enter into force. This will have consequences for the tax and social security situation of civil servants who are frontier workers. This dossier maps out the effects of the new regulation.

The dossier research runs until October of this year. The results of the dossiers will be presented at the ITEM annual conference. The ITEM annual conference will take place this autumn.

ITEM Publishes Cross-border Impact Assessment for 2018

The ITEM Cross-border Impact Assessment 2018 has been published! The ITEM Cross-border Impact Assessment 2018 contains six dossiers concerning a wide variety of cross-border issues that deal with effects on border regions and/or cross-border mobility. For example, the Baukindergeld dossier examines the border effects of the proposed German measure to promote the residential property of young families. This proposed measure appears to be contrary to EU law as it puts frontier workers who work in Germany but live outside Germany at a disadvantage. On this point, ITEM recommends that a coherent analysis of the impact of the new legislation on cross-border workers be included in the parliamentary debate on new legislation.  In the Social Security dossier, the social security position of non-standard workers (e.g. platform workers working for Uber, Deliveroo etc.) in a cross-border working relationship is examined. One can no longer ignore the increase of new forms of employment and employment contracts such as on-call work, part-time work, irregular work, etc. However, the current European rules still assume a physical presence at a workplace. ITEM recommends that both the current national legislation and the European regulations should be tightened or amended.

The results of the Cross-border Impact Assessment can be found below.

Project description Jump to ITEM Cross-border Impact Assessment 2018 2017 2016

Project description

When: Annually (from January to September)
Topic: labour mobility
Title: 'ITEM Cross-border Impact Assessment'

What are the effects of national and EU policy and legislation on border regions?

Are cross border workers affected by newly or soon to be implemented national or EU policy/legislation?

One of the main objectives of the Institute for Transnational and Euregional cross border cooperation and mobility / ITEM is to set-up and implement an annual cross border impact assessment report. Currently, there is a lack of information concerning the (expected) impact of national and EU policy and legislation on border regions. ITEM annual cross border impact assessment will start revealing the effects.

ITEM’s cross border impact assessment is aimed at scanning for relevant ex-ante and ex-post legislative and policy related dossiers of the European Union, national (the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg) and regional authorities (i.e. North Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony, Flanders, the Walloon provinces in Belgium, the German-speaking community in Belgium) that might (positively or negatively) impact cross border workers, cross border cooperation and regional socio-economic development.

The assessment offers additional and complementary insights to national and EU initiatives, and aims to be a valuable tool and resource for policy makers when making decisions concerning border regions.

Each year a selection of most relevant topics, that are most worthwhile to study and analyse into more detail, are made based on input from stakeholders. This can be done with an online tool in which stakeholders can contact ITEM directly, by submitting information about dossiers that might be interesting for assessment. ITEM will create a shortlist and start researching the effects on border regions in the months thereafter.

Cross-border Impact Assessment 2018 - completed