2224 May 13:30
- 16:00
Centre for European Research in Maastricht

CERiM Young Scholars' Forum and Conference


Membership to the European Union (EU) is clearly defined in the Treaties (art. 1 TEU). However, in practice it is less clear-cut since some Member States have opted out of certain policy areas such as border controls or the single currency, while various non-Member States participate frequently in selected EU policies, and EU norms are diffused in various ways outside of the EU. Membership thus appears to be a somewhat fuzzy concept, despite the image of a clear distinction between ‘inside’ and ‘outside’ it projects. Against this background, and also with a view to the greater complexity that the EU will have to confront post-Brexit and to possible future enlargements, there is a strong case for moving conceptually beyond membership, and for re-thinking the status of states on the basis of their participation in different policy areas rather than on the basis of their formal membership to the EU.

This is not only a pressing academic agenda, but – in the context of current debates about the future shape of the European Union – it is also an important practical consideration. On the one hand, Commission President Juncker clearly expressed his preference that the EU should remain united (State of the Union speeches 2017 and 2018), thereby rejecting the perspective of a multi-speed or differentiated EU called for by others such as French President Macron. On the other hand, in a Union facing the prospect of further diversity with the arrival of new Member States as well as the centrifugal tendencies among the existing members – most prominently expressed in the withdrawal of the United Kingdom –, the question arises whether the idea of a single united membership as currently foreseen in the Treaty is still fit for purpose. In other words, perhaps the concept of one single type of membership under which all Member States are expected to submit to the same rights and obligations is not appropriate in order to facilitate effective governance and accommodate growing diversity.

This conference addresses these issues by asking what membership means in the current practice of the EU and invites to reflect on what is required for the future EU. It is organized around four aspects of the tensions faced by the concept of a unitary and formal EU membership: first, an examination of key policy areas in which we have already witnessed various forms of differentiated integration; second, an analysis of ‘special statuses’ within the EU; third, important examples of non-Member States in which EU law is applied (with and without their participation in the EU’s decision-making process); and fourth, the situation of states under accession or secession procedures which obliges them to accept EU norms and policies even prior to/after formal membership.

Young Scholars' Forum

Location: Faculty of Law, Bouillonstraat 1-3, Maastricht

Wednesday 22 May 2019


Agencies and independent bodies in the EU composite administration

13: 30 – 15:30

Lisette Bongers, Maastricht University
Vittoria Meissner, Technical University of Munich
Annalisa Volpato, Maastricht University

Discussants: Tannelie Blom and Mariolina Eliantonio, Maastricht University

15:30 – 16:00

Coffee break


Economic integration

16:00 – 17:30

Paul Dermine, Maastricht University
Martinho Lucas Pires, Nova Law School

Discussants: Assem Dandashly and Diane Fromage, Maastricht University


CERiM Conference Programme

Location: Crowne Plaza Hotel Maastricht, Ruiterij 1, Maastricht

Conference Day 1, Thursday 23 May 2019


Beyond EU ‘Membership’? Current issues and future perspectives

09:30 – 10:00

Welcome coffee and Registration

10:00 – 10:05

Thomas Christiansen and Andrea Ott, CERiM Co-directors, Maastricht University

10:05 – 10:20

Welcome Address
Jan Smits and Sophie Vanhoonacker, Deans of the Law Faculty and of the
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences

10:20 – 10:30

Introduction to the Conference
Diane Fromage, Maastricht University

10:30 – 12:00

PANEL 1: Framing the concept of ‘Membership’

Chair: Mathieu Segers, Maastricht University

Framing the Concept of Membership: Formal and Substantive Dimensions -
Paul Craig, University of Oxford

Differentiated Integration - Differentiated Membership? - Dirk Leuffen, University
of Konstanz

Discussant: Christine Neuhold, Maastricht University

12:00 – 13:15


13:15 – 15:15

PANEL 2: Membership and Differentiated Integration in the EU

Chair: Anne-Pieter van der Mei, Maastricht University

Selective membership of Union bodies and satellite organizations - Bruno de
Witte, Maastricht University and European University Institute

Differentiating EMU Membership: The De Facto and De Jure Constraints of EU
Economic Governance - Mark Dawson and Tomasz Wozniakowski, Hertie
School of government

Differentiated Integration in EU Foreign, Security and Defence Policy – Ramses
Wessel, University of Twente

Justice and Home Affairs policies and differentiated integration (tbc): Steve
Peers, University of Essex 

Discussant: Ellen Vos, Maastricht University

15:15 – 15:45

Coffee break

15:45 – 17:30

PANEL 3: EU Membership and special statuses

Chair: Hildegard Schneider, Maastricht University

Of bits and pieces of EU law in territories. The many shades of European
integration - Stéphanie Laulhé-Shaelou, University of Central Lancashire-Cyprus

Transitional Periods for the New Member States: Conditiones Sine Qua Non
of Accession – Adam Lazowski, University of Westminster

Discussant: Dimitry Kochenov, University of Groningen



Location: Crowne Plaza Hotel Maastricht, Ruiterij 1, Maastricht

Conference Day 2, Friday 24 May 2019

09:00 – 09:15


09:15 – 11:00

PANEL 4: Beyond EU Membership: Opting in from the outside

Chair: Thomas Conzelmann, Maastricht University

Prospects for Turkey's cooperation with the European Union: Opting In without
Accession - Meltem Müftüler Baç, Sabanci University

The Western Balkans and European Union enlargement – (limited) possibilities
under differentiated integration - Marko Milenkovic, University of Bologna and
Institute of Social Sciences, Belgrade

Governing a post-“Brexit” Europe: Integration without membership in an affiliated
state - Jarle Trondal, ARENA/University of Agder

Internal Security beyond EU membership – Deidre Curtin, European University

Discussant: Thomas Christiansen, Maastricht University

11:00 – 11:30

Coffee break

11:30 – 13:00

PANEL 5: Beyond EU Membership: Diffusion of Norms

Chair: Christine Arnold, Maastricht University

Switzerland - EU policies à la carte and in pieces - Andrea Ott, Maastricht

Diffusion of human rights norms through Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade
Agreements (DCFTAs) with Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova - Giselle Bosse,
Maastricht University

The diffusion of EU norms to third countries: achievements and challenges in the
Eastern Neighbourhood – Laure Delcour, FMSH, France and College of Europe

Discussant: Peter Van Elsuwege, Ghent University

13:00 – 14:00 Lunch
14:00 – 15:30


Chair: Clemens Kool, Maastricht University

European Parliament official (tbc)
Council official (tbc)
Benjamin Hartmann, EPSC
Nicoletta Pirozzi, Istituto Affari Internazionali, Rome

15:30 – 16:00

Diane Fromage, Maastricht University