A pragmatic approach to the link to origin: EU PDOs and PGIs for registration, innovation and trade in origin products
This research analyses the specifications of EU and non-EU geographical indications (GIs) for agricultural products and foodstuffs registered in the European Union. A strong focus is given to the choice of the quality scheme and, in particular, whether this choice reflects the difference between the legal requirements for Protected Designations of Origin (PDOs) and Protected Geographical Indications (PGIs) under Art. 5 Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012.
The ‘pragmatic approach’, meaning a qualitative content analysis of over 1300 GI specifications and interviews with GI producers’ groups, shows a blurred difference between PDOs and PGIs and inquires into the causes and consequences for registration, innovation and trade.
In view of the ongoing EU GI reform, this research formulates policy recommendations on how to draw a clear distinction between PDOs and PGIs. The aim is to increase the clarity and understandability of the EU quality schemes for agricultural and non-agricultural products.
On Friday 17 November 2023, the ITEM annual conference was held at the county hall in The Hague, focusing on the theme of mobility and infrastructure. The joint finding was that much remains to be done to raise awareness of the necessary priority, to deploy (existing) instruments and the possibility...
PhD thesis written by Sander Paul Martijn Kramer
A growing number of mobile individuals, who take advantage of their European freedoms of movement, face a lack of comprehensive pension information. This obstacle can hinder those who need pension information the most in making well-informed retirement...
PhD thesis written by Alice Giannini
The idea of criminal behavior of artificial intelligence (AI) systems is nothing new. In fact, science fiction has been dealing for decades with evil robots rebelling against humans and taking control, or with machines that go crazy and act unpredictably. Yet, it...