Microphones, farmers and forest ecologists; System Earth Science is taking shape

Everything on Earth is interconnected and has an impact on everything else. Nothing is isolated. This insight prompted the emergence of the very transdisciplinary field of Earth System Science. The field is gaining a foothold at the Brightland Campus Greenport Venlo in the form of the research institute System Earth Science.  The institute's founders, Roy Erkens of the Maastricht Science Programme and Pim Martens of University College Venlo, discuss it.

As you stroll through the woods, you can hear birds chirping and the wind rustling through the trees. In addition, there might be creaking, a dog barking, or the sound of a rumbling tractor and fast-moving traffic on the highway in the distance. It is impossible for someone who studies the sounds of the forest to be content with only listening to the birds or the people who drive, walk, or farm there. It will require you to study the whole thing. Such a systems view of the forest, its environs, and, as the name implies, the entire Earth can be found at the Faculty of Science and Engineering's new research institute System Earth Science.

Roy Erkens in field

Context

"Everything has context," states Erkens, regarding the relatively new science and engineering discipline of Earth System Science. “For instance, when researching novel crops for agriculture, we consider not only the plants themselves but also their environment, including all the biological, geological, and social elements as well as the way these elements interact with one another.” Martens adds: "We study how people influence system Earth and are influenced by the components of that system." 

Transdisciplinary

Pim Martens on concrete stairs

According to Erkens, "System Earth Science (SES) is not a shell around separate groups; rather, in SES, researchers work together in one group. Our goal is to do research that is truly transdisciplinary, involving both scientists and members of the community, like citizens and entrepreneurs.” According to Martens, transdisciplinary research calls for a distinct kind of researcher. “We deliberately seek out people who are able to move between disciplines, not just within SES, since the world extends beyond Venlo and Maastricht.” A forest ecologist will shortly begin working as a professor of ecology and biodiversity at SES. Beginning with just the two of them last year, Martens and Erkens intend to include fifteen researchers in SES next year.

Future

Let's return to our stroll in the forest and its implications for SES's future. Microphones pick up on all the sounds and whistling as you walk. A study being prepared by SES and Department of Advanced Computing Sciences intends to use these sound recordings to map biodiversity in food forests. 

What are the researchers hoping to accomplish? Martens responds, "We hope to positively impact System Earth through our research. Based on their technical, biological, earth scientific, and/or social knowledge, we teach our students to work on these changes in an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary manner. Not only do we want to encourage society to start using the findings of our research, but we also want people to ask us questions. Now that the seed has been sown, it will grow.”

Research themes

In order to develop solutions for a more resilient future planet, the five SES research themes concentrate on the functioning of the Earth system in the past and present, the role of humans in this system, and urgent environmental concerns including climate change and biodiversity loss. The five themes are listed below.

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