PCE Europe1

European Policy and Governance. Head: Dr. Paul Stephenson

The researchers of the cluster European Policy and Governance concentrate on the contemporary events, developments and debates related to the process of European public policy and governance along all three main dimensions of the EU political system:

  1. Polity: the processes of policy-making in the complex European multilevel governance, and the (supranational and domestic) institutional structures forming the framework for political action, including normative aspects and dynamics of decision-making;
  2. Politics: an understanding of who gets what when and how, with a focus on stakeholders and their agendas, strategies employed to work towards favoured outcomes and the sequencing of time-dependent actions;
  3. Policy: the content of the decision-making across different policy domains and stages in the policy-making process.

In doing so, we focus on critical interactions between the actors involved – both horizontally in the form of the interplay between public and private actors, as well as vertically between the international, EU and national level. Key in most of our research projects is a legitimacy and/or politicisation angle. Our researchers are particularly specialized in the transport, social, trade, cohesion, anticorruption, chemical, health, financial/banking, budget, higher education, and energy policy sectors. Additionally, we provide key expertise in the implementation and evaluation stages of the policy process. Core institutions covered by our team members are European Commission, the European (and national) Parliament(s), the Court of Auditors, the Ombudsman, and EU agencies.

Key Recent publications:

Colli, F., & Adriaensen, J. (2020). Lobbying the state or the market? A framework to study civil society organizations’ strategic behavior. Regulation & Governance, 14(3), 501-513. https://doi.org/10.1111/rego.12227

De Ruiter, R., & Neuhold, C. (2021). Subsidiarity watchdogs and the kennel of trilogues: when do they bark? The role of National Parliaments in trilogue negotiations. Journal of European Public Policy, 28(1), 93-111. https://doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2020.1859593

Howarth, D., & Spendzharova, A. (2019). Accountability in Post-Crisis Eurozone Governance: The Tricky Case of the European Stability Mechanism. Journal of Common Market Studies, 57(4), 894-911. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcms.12860

Nastase, A., & Muurmans, C. (2020). Regulating lobbying activities in the European Union: A voluntary club perspective. Regulation & Governance,14(2), 238-255. https://doi.org/10.1111/rego.12200

Quaglia, L., & Spendzharova, A. (2021). Regime complexity and managing financial data streams: The orchestration of trade reporting for derivatives. Regulation & Governance. https://doi.org/10.1111/rego.12377

Schuette, L. A. (2021). Forging Unity: European Commission Leadership in the Brexit Negotiations. Journal of Common Market Studies, 59(5), 1142-1159. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcms.13171

Stevens, F., & De Bruycker, I. (2020). Influence, affluence and media salience: Economic resources and lobbying influence in the European Union. European Union Politics, 21(4), 728-750. https://doi.org/10.1177/1465116520944572

Members
Johan Adriaensen
Iskander de Bruycker
Francesca Colli
Anna Herranz
Andreea Nastase
Christine Neuhold
John Parkinson
Elissaveta Radulova
Mathieu Segers
Aneta Spendzharova
Paul Stephenson
Esther Versluis
Manling Yang
PCE Europe

Europe and the Crisis of Rule-Based Global Order. Head: Dr. Giselle Bosse

The research in this cluster falls along three broad lines: (i) EU rule promotion and contestation in the European neighbourhood; (ii) diplomacy, bureaucracy and culture in EU foreign policy; and (iii) the EU and the future of global rules and multilateralism.

EU rule promotion and contestation in the European neighbourhood: Research focuses on EU policies toward the EU’s closer and wider neighbourhood (Middle East and North Africa, the Eastern Partnership (EaP), Central Asia), including democracy promotion, trade, finance, energy, migration as well as security and defense. Research also explores the ‘internal-external’ nexus in the EU’s policies as well as the domestic and external contestation of EU rules in the neighbourhood.

Diplomacy, bureaucracy and culture in EU foreign policy: Research focuses on values-interest intersections in EU foreign policy, ethics of European foreign policy and the role of strategic and diplomatic culture(s) in EU foreign policy. Other themes comprise the legitimacy, transparency and (democratic) accountability of EU foreign, security and defence policy, and the role of bureaucrats, experts, lobby groups and other non-state actors in EU foreign policy-making.

The EU and the future of global rules and multilateralism: Research focuses on the EU, international organisations and challenges to the liberal global order. The main themes include the EU’s role in international security, peace-building and conflict management, and the EU and international rules and regimes inter alia in trade, finance, development, energy, environment, health and migration. Research addresses EU relations with the world (e.g. Africa, Americas, Asia), multilateralism and comparative regionalism as well as the history of rule-based global order and the (contested) authority of regional and international organisations. A focus is also placed on examining Europe and global regulation of innovations related to digitalisation and automation, including privacy regulations, cyber security and the governance of autonomous weapons systems.

Key publications:

Dandashly, A., & Kourtelis, C. (2020). Classifying the Implementation of the EU's Normative Power in its Southern Neighbourhood: The Role of Local Actors. Journal of Common Market Studies, 58(6), 1523-1539. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcms.13051

Debre, M., & Dijkstra, H. (2021). Institutional design for a post-liberal order: why some international organizations live longer than others. European Journal of International Relations, 27(1), 311-339. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354066120962183

Herranz-Surralles, A. (2021). Settling it on the multi-level parliamentary field? A fields approach to interparliamentary cooperation in foreign and security policy. West European Politics, 45(2), 262-285. https://doi.org/10.1080/01402382.2020.1858609

Noutcheva, G. (2020). Contested Statehood and EU Actorness in Kosovo, Abkhazia and Western Sahara. Geopolitics25(2), 449-471. https://doi.org/10.1080/14650045.2018.1556641

Segers, M. (2019). Eclipsing Atlantis: Trans‐Atlantic Multilateralism in Trade and Monetary Affairs as a Pre‐History to the Genesis of Social Market Europe (1942–1950). Journal of Common Market Studies, 57(1), 60-76. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcms.12818

Verhaegen, S., Scholte, J. A., & Tallberg, J. (2021). Explaining elite perceptions of legitimacy in global governance. European Journal of International Relations, 27(2), 622-650. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354066121994320

Weinhardt, C., & ten Brink, T. (2020). Varieties of contestation: China's rise and the liberal trade order. Review of International Political Economy, 27(2), 258-280. https://doi.org/10.1080/09692290.2019.1699145

Members
Johan Adriaensen
Laura von Allwörden
Giselle Bosse
Thomas Conzelmann
Assem Dandashly
Maria Debre
Hylke Dijkstra
Farsan Ghassim
Anna Herranz
Vincent Lagendijk
Gergana Noutcheva
Petar Petrov
Yf Reykers
Till Schöfer
Leonard Schuette
Mathieu Segers
Aneta Spendzharova
Sophie Vanhoonacker
Clara Weinhardt
Mariëlle Wijermars
Manling Yang
Giuseppe Zaccaria
Centre for European Research in Maastricht (CERiM)

Democracy in Europe: Past and Present. Head: Dr. Camilo Erlichman

Democracy never has a single meaning, but is always in flux, both as a concept and as a social and political reality. This research cluster takes as its point of departure the ever changing nature of understandings and practices of democracy. It brings together historians, political scientists, and philosophers who pool their expertise to shed light on the evolution, the dynamics, the institutional forms, and the contested nature of democracy across time and space. In doing so, scholars in this group explore democracy from regional, national, transnational and supranational perspectives. While the focus  is on democracy on the European continent writ large (both within and beyond the territorial confines of the present-day EU), scholars in this cluster are also interested in global transfers, circulations, and exchanges, including both the influence of European conceptions of democracy in other parts of the world as well as the impact of global dynamics and understandings of democracy on Europe. In taking this approach, members of this group work on:

  • The changing meanings of democracy and the impact of historically moulded forms of democracy on the practice of democracy in Europe today;
  • Contestations of democracy, including the history and present of anti-democratic regimes and movements, as well as the origins and impact of populism and challenges to the legitimacy of democratic systems;
  • Issues of democratic legitimacy within the European Union system of governance, Euro-scepticism, the alleged democratic deficit, the impact of expertise and technocracy on the form and function of democracy, and the role of national and supranational legislatures in shaping the practice of democracy in Europe;
  • The problems of democracy promotion both in Europe and across the globe;

The research also has an applied dimension as we are trying to find ways of improving current institutional expressions and practices of democracy, including e.g. the nature and possibilities of deliberative democracy.

Key publications

Bijsmans, P., Galpin, C., & Leruth, B. (2018). 'Brexit' in transnational perspective: An analysis of newspapers in France, Germany and the Netherlands. Comparative European Politics,16(5), 825-842. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41295-017-0104-z

De Bruycker, I. (2020). Democratically deficient, yet responsive? How politicization facilitates responsiveness in the European Union. Journal of European Public Policy, 27(6), 834-852. https://doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2019.1622587

Del Hierro, P. (2021). The End of the Affair: The International Dispute over the Deportation of Degrelle from Spain to Belgium, 1945-1946. The International History Review, 43(4), 761-780. https://doi.org/10.1080/07075332.2020.1845777

Van Leeuwen, K. (2018). Paving the road to ‘legal revolution’: The Dutch origins of the first preliminary references in European law (1957–1963). European Law Journal, 24(6), 408-421. https://doi.org/10.1111/eulj.12296

Parkinson, J., & Bächtiger, A. (2019). Mapping and measuring deliberation: Towards a new deliberative quality. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780199672196.001.0001

Sierp, A., & Karner, C. (Eds.). (2019). Dividing United Europe: From Crisis to Fragmentation? Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group. https://www.routledge.com/Dividing-United-Europe-From-Crisis-to-Fragmentation-1st-Edition/Sierp-Karner/p/book/9780367002558

Members
Johan Adriaensen
Christine Arnold
Patrick Bijsmans
Camilo Erlichman
Caterina di Fazio
Pablo del Hierro
Vincent Lagendijk
Karin van Leeuwen
Akudo McGee
Christine Neuhold
Gergana Noutcheva
John Parkinson
Janosch Prinz
Nico Randeraad
Eli Sapir
Aline Sierp
Neculai-Cristian Surubaru
Soetkin Verhaegen
PCE Crowd

European Politics and Society in Numbers. Head: Dr. Christine Arnold

Politics and Society in Numbers (PSN) is an interdisciplinary research cluster that seeks to understand and explain political and historical phenomena relating to European integration and its influence on politics, society and culture. The notion of change is key to the research focus of the group, be in the form of changing public opinion, changing degrees of political representation or notions of legitimacy. A key feature of the group is the methodological expertise and pragmatism, spanning both advanced qualitative and quantitative research methods. Substantively, the research cluster focuses on topics such as elections to the European Parliament, responsiveness to European citizens of EU policy making, economic voting, regional politics, Transnational expert knowledge, political economy and the democratic inclusion of migrants and national minorities, especially with a focus on the politics of citizenship. This research cluster involves collaboration with researchers from the research group Globalisation, Transnationalism and Development (GTD).

Members of this cluster work on different issues such as:

  • International migration, citizenship, ethnic penalties, public economics, and quantitative research methods
  • Economic voting, satisfaction with democracy, complex data-linking and architecture, text analysis and data visualization
  • Issue congruence, trust of citizens in the EU, polarization of public opinion, satisfaction with democracy

This cluster is seen as a platform for exchange in order to stimulate discussion:

  • European, national and regional elections
  • Public opinion dynamics and survey methodologies
  • Political economy and European integration
  • Transnational expert knowledge
  • Migration and citizenship acquisition

Key publications:

Dellmuth, L., Scholte, J. A., Tallberg, J., & Verhaegen, S. (2021). The elite-citizen gap in international organization legitimacy. American Political Science Review, 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055421000824

De Bruycker, I. (2019). Blessing or curse for advocacy? How news media attention helps advocacy groups to achieve their policy goals. Political Communication, (36)1, 103-126. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2018.149300

Dupuy, C., Verhaegen, S., & Van Ingelgom, V. (2020). Support for Regionalization in Federal Belgium: The Role of Political Socialization. Publius: The Journal of Federalism, 1-25. https://doi.org/10.1093/publius/pjaa019

Palacios, I., & Arnold, C. (2021). Do Spitzenkandidaten debates matter? Effects on voters' cognitions and evaluations of candidates and issues. Politics, 41(4), 486-503. https://doi.org/10.1177/02633957211015231

Peters, F. W. C., Schmeets, H., & Vink, M. (2020). Naturalisation and immigrant earnings: why and to whom citizenship matters. European Journal of Population-Revue Europeenne de Demographie, 36(3), 511-545. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10680-019-09540-1

Members
Christine Arnold
Giselle Bosse
Thomas Conzelmann
Assem Dandashly
Iskander de Bruycker
Marloes de Hoon
Nico Randeraad
Luana Russo
Eli Sapir
Aneta Spendzharova
Soetkin Verhaegen
  • European Policy and Governance. Head: Dr. Paul Stephenson

  • Europe and the Crisis of Rule-Based Global Order. Head: Dr. Giselle Bosse

  • Democracy in Europe: Past and Present. Head: Dr. Camilo Erlichman

  • European Politics and Society in Numbers. Head: Dr. Christine Arnold