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ITEM Cross-Border Impact Assessment

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Cross-border Impact Assessment 2021

Introduction video


This year we put together an introduction video in which researchers of the ITEM Cross-Border Impact Assessment provide information about the dossiers of 2021.

Take a look!

ITEM Cross-border Impact Assessment 2021 - dossier pitches



The Summaries are available English, German, Dutch and French

ITEM Cross-Border Impact Assessment 2021 - Summaries  
Our most prominent results are presented in an infographic 
ITEM - Cross-Border Impact Assessment 2021 - Infographic  

Go to the Cross-Border Portal   




Dossier 1: Ex-ante study on the cross-border effects of the EU’s proposed Minimum Wage Directive (TEIN study)
Together with partners of the Transfrontier Euro-Institut Network (TEIN), ITEM has studied the potential cross-border effects of the proposed Directive on adequate minimum wages in the European Union. The dossier assesses the possible impact of creating a (binding) common European framework for minimum wages on cross-border regions and their inhabitants. The geographical focus will be on several (cross-)border regions adjacent to Germany – namely those which it shares with Belgium and the Netherlands, the one shared with France, and the one shared with Poland. 
Dossier 2: Ex-post analysis into the future of working from home for cross-border workers post-COVID-19
During the COVID-19 crisis, working from home has increasingly become the norm, with homeworking encouraged or even required, including for frontier workers. It will likely continue in some form after the crisis, as both employees and employers alike have recognised its advantages. Political pleas are also rising for making homeworking structural. However, for cross-border workers (partial) homeworking has consequences for the applicable tax and social security regulations due to the physical shift in workplace. Following the temporary suspension of these rules during the crisis, this dossier analyses what effects a formal homeworking policy may have on cross-border workers and their employers in the future. 
Dossier 3: The effects of national Corona crisis management on cross-border crisis management in the Euregio Meuse-Rhine (follow-up study) 
Following up on the 2020-study (in collaboration with TEIN), the impact of the Coronavirus crisis has also been examined as part of this year’s Cross-Border Impact Assessment. This dossier focuses on the impact on Euregional crisis management. More precisely, it assesses the consequences of national crisis management on cooperation in the cross-border region in the realm of the various local and regional crisis teams. The report is based on a study carried out in 2020/2021 in the framework of the INTERREG project Pandemric. ITEM, together with colleagues from Leiden University and the Ockham IPS Institute, investigated the cross-border management of the crisis, in particular with regard to the tension between national governance and Euregional needs. 
Dossier 4: Is the EU Patients’ Rights Directive fit for providing well-functioning healthcare in cross-border regions? An ex-post assessment 
What amounts to well-functioning healthcare in cross-border regions? Systematic discrepancies between the health systems of Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands, combined with limited European legislation regarding cross-border healthcare, provide ground for hindrances to develop when it comes to access to healthcare in the border regions. Considering the extent and severity of hindrances between these three countries, this dossier analyses if the EU Patients’ Rights Directive is fit for this purpose. 


ITEM Cross Border Impact Assessment - Methodology

With its annual Cross-Border Impact Assessment, ITEM provides more insight into the effects on cross-border regions of European and national legislative and policy initiatives. The report is intended as a valuable tool for policymakers at regional, national and European level in making decisions regarding (cross-)border regions. In particular, these impact assessments help to identify existing or future cross-border effects and thus contribute to the political debate. In addition, the results of the examination of individual dossiers allow for timely adaptation of legislative proposals while they are still pending.

The Cross-border Impact Assessment and the separate dossiers are available at the 
ITEM Cross-border Portal.

ITEM Cross-border Impact Assessment - methodology

Project description

When: Annually (from January to September)
Topic: labour mobility
Title: 'ITEM Cross-border Impact Assessment'

What are the effects of national and EU policy and legislation on border regions?

Are cross border workers affected by newly or soon to be implemented national or EU policy/legislation?

One of the main objectives of the Institute for Transnational and Euregional cross border cooperation and mobility / ITEM is to set-up and implement an annual cross border impact assessment report. Currently, there is a lack of information concerning the (expected) impact of national and EU policy and legislation on border regions. ITEM annual cross border impact assessment will start revealing the effects.

ITEM’s cross border impact assessment is aimed at scanning for relevant ex-ante and ex-post legislative and policy related dossiers of the European Union, national (the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg) and regional authorities (i.e. North Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony, Flanders, the Walloon provinces in Belgium, the German-speaking community in Belgium) that might (positively or negatively) impact cross border workers, cross border cooperation and regional socio-economic development.

The assessment offers additional and complementary insights to national and EU initiatives, and aims to be a valuable tool and resource for policy makers when making decisions concerning border regions.

Each year a selection of most relevant topics, that are most worthwhile to study and analyse into more detail, are made based on input from stakeholders. This can be done with an online tool in which stakeholders can contact ITEM directly, by submitting information about dossiers that might be interesting for assessment. ITEM will create a shortlist and start researching the effects on border regions in the months thereafter.