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ITEM Cross-Border Impact Assessment

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Cross-border Impact Assessment 2022

Introduction video


Enjoy this video in which our researchers of the ITEM Cross-Border Impact Assessment team give you a short introduction on the 2022 dossiers.
Take a look!

ITEM Cross-border Impact Assessment 2022 - dossier pitches



The Summaries are available in English and Dutch

ITEM Cross-Border Impact Assessment 2022 - Summaries  

Our most prominent results are presented in an infographic 

ITEM - Cross-Border Impact Assessment 2022 - Infographic  

Go to the Cross-Border Portal   




Dossier 1: European Health Data Space - Ex-ante analysis of the cross-border effects for the EuregioMeuse-Rhine
On 3 May 2022, the European Commission published a proposal for a Regulation creating a “European Health Data Space” (EHDS). The EHDS would create a digital infrastructure for health data, under which health data could be exchanged more easily throughout the EU. This dossier analyses the potential effects of the EHDS on the Euregio Meuse-Rhine.
Dossier 2: Cross-border effects of the EU proposal for a directive on platform workers (ex-ante)
Today, more than 28 million people in the EU work online through digital work platforms. By 2025, the number is expected to rise to 43 million people. In response to this fast-growing labour market and an unclear legal framework, the European Commission has proposed a directive to improve the working conditions and social rights of platform workers, require greater transparency from digital work platforms and promote the sustainable growth of these platforms. This dossier assesses the potential cross-border effects of the proposed legislation.
Dossier 3: Energy transition and Energy Security: The effects of the current legal, spatial, and economic framework on renewable cross-border projects (and crossborder cooperation in times of energy crisis)
What impact does the current legal, spatial and economic framework have on cross-border cooperation on renewable energy and related climate challenges. This is related to the assumption formulated by many stakeholders that border regions are at a huge disadvantage when it comes to fulfilling their obligations regarding renewable energy targets and other energy transition goals. The focus is on German-Dutch relations.
Dossier 4: Cross-border exchange of information in the fight against organised crime (ex-ante)
Organised crime does not stop where the border begins. To address the problem of cross-border organised crime, the European Commission has launched two legislative proposals under the umbrella of the Security Union strategy. These consist of a draft directive and a draft regulation. This dossier assesses the potential effects both measures would have on the cross-border regions of the Netherlands, Germany and Belgium, if they are implemented.
Dossier 5: Border effects of the Dutch fireworks prohibition (ex-ante)
During the 2021-2022 turn of the year the Netherlands banned the sale, transport, outdoor possession and lighting of fireworks. This was described as a temporary measure to diminish hospitalisations during the COVID-19 crisis, to reduce the burden on healthcare workers. These measures were not in place in Belgium and Germany at the time, where fireworks remained (partly) legal. This dossier assesses the border effects the Dutch fireworks prohibition, as there is a draft law proposing to render it permanent.
Dossier 6: Border residents’ perceptions of the ‘border’ and ‘identity’ after the COVID-19 crisis: how do we establish it? (opinion piece)
During the COVID-19 crisis, (physical) borders were re-erected between the Member States in the EU. This phenomenon is likely to have affected the perception residents have on the border. Especially in a cross-border region like the Euregio Meuse-Rhine, where a 360°-perspective is being promoted when it comes to cross-border cooperation, living and working, deeper insights into such perceptions are of interest when pondering ideas like Euregional identity. This year a commentary will address these aspects as a follow-up to the two research
dossiers on the coronavirus pandemic of 2020 and 2021. Additionally, it serves as the foundation for developing a uniquely localised barometer on identity, which will be expanded upon in future research.
Dossier 7: The cross-border effects of the Dutch Nitrogen policy (student dossier)
In 2019, the Dutch nitrogen policy was deemed to be in conflict with European legislation by the Dutch Council of State, after a previous preliminary ruling by the Court of Justice of the EU to the same effect. In response to these assessments, the Dutch government has rolled out a mix of measures to alleviate concerns. These range from reducing the maximum speed on motorways to establishing subsidy schemes for farm modification. Because nitrogen emissions spill over across the border, in turn affecting nature, health, agriculture and industry there, this dossier assesses the border effects of the Dutch Nitrogen policy as it stands. The research has been carried out in the context of a PREMIUM-project by a multidisciplinary student team.


ITEM Cross Border Impact Assessment - Methodology

With its annual Cross-Border Impact Assessment, ITEM provides more insight into the effects on cross-border regions of European and national legislative and policy initiatives. The report is intended as a valuable tool for policymakers at regional, national and European level in making decisions regarding (cross-)border regions. In particular, these impact assessments help to identify existing or future cross-border effects and thus contribute to the political debate. In addition, the results of the examination of individual dossiers allow for timely adaptation of legislative proposals while they are still pending.

The Cross-border Impact Assessment and the separate dossiers are available at the 
ITEM Cross-border Portal.

ITEM Cross-border Impact Assessment 2022 - dossier pitches

Project description

When: Annually (from January to September)
Topic: labour mobility
Title: 'ITEM Cross-border Impact Assessment'

What are the effects of national and EU policy and legislation on border regions?

Are cross border workers affected by newly or soon to be implemented national or EU policy/legislation?

One of the main objectives of the Institute for Transnational and Euregional cross border cooperation and mobility / ITEM is to set-up and implement an annual cross border impact assessment report. Currently, there is a lack of information concerning the (expected) impact of national and EU policy and legislation on border regions. ITEM annual cross border impact assessment will start revealing the effects.

ITEM’s cross border impact assessment is aimed at scanning for relevant ex-ante and ex-post legislative and policy related dossiers of the European Union, national (the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg) and regional authorities (i.e. North Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony, Flanders, the Walloon provinces in Belgium, the German-speaking community in Belgium) that might (positively or negatively) impact cross border workers, cross border cooperation and regional socio-economic development.

The assessment offers additional and complementary insights to national and EU initiatives, and aims to be a valuable tool and resource for policy makers when making decisions concerning border regions.

Each year a selection of most relevant topics, that are most worthwhile to study and analyse into more detail, are made based on input from stakeholders. This can be done with an online tool in which stakeholders can contact ITEM directly, by submitting information about dossiers that might be interesting for assessment. ITEM will create a shortlist and start researching the effects on border regions in the months thereafter.

Project leader:

Martin Unfried (Ontgrenzer)