ITEM Research

ITEM Cross-Border Impact Assessment

Project description Jump to latest ITEM Cross-border Impact Assessment 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016

Cross-border Impact Assessment 2021

As a result of the input from ITEM stakeholders, the internal discussions and the view of the ITEM impact assessment working group, the following selection has been made with respect to the relevant topics for the impact assessment 2021.

Also this year, ITEM will work together on one particular topic with other European cross-border institutes. This will be the EU legislative proposal for a minimum wage directive and its potential implications for border regions.

The research topics of the 2021 Cross-Border Impact Assessment are as follows:

Preliminary Dossier Selection

1. Potential effects of legislation supporting home office/ working at home for cross-border workers at the borders (DE/BE/NL)
2. The effects of cross-border mismatches in the field of health care (DE, BE, NL)
3. Potential effects of the current EU proposal for a directive on minimum wages on the border region
4. Follow-up assessment: effects of second and third wave of the Coronacrisis on the border region (Euregio Meuse-Rhine)

The research activities for this years' Cross-Border Impact Assessment have been set in motion. The official publication is expected in November 2021, and will naturally receive attention during the ITEM Annual Conference 2021.

Read more:

December 2020 - Survey - ITEM Cross-Border Impact Assessment 2021

Cross-border Impact Assessment 2020

The Summaries are available English, German, Dutch and French

ITEM Cross-Border Impact Assessment 2020 - Summaries  
Our most prominent results are presented in a set of two infographics 
ITEM - Cross-Border Impact Assessment 2020 - Infographics  
The main infographic shows prominent results of the Cross-Border Impact Assessment 2020.
Additionally we included an infographic this year, which is complimentary to dossier 1: "The impact of the Corona crisis on cross-border regions"

Go to the Cross-Border Portal  


Dossier 1: The impact of the Corona crisis on cross-border regions (TEIN study*)
The research focuses on the question what effects the national approach to crisis response and cross-border coordination has had on cross-border regions. To what extent did the focus on national figures, national capacities in healthcare and national measures influence the situation? How intensive was the cross-border coordination and what consequences did it have for the development and combating of the crisis?
Dossier 2: Implementation and possible effects of the Dutch Strategy on Spatial Planning and the Environment (NOVI) from a Euregional perspective
The Dutch government is developing a Strategic Outlook on the Quality of Life in the Netherlands (Nationale Omgevingsvisie (NOVI)), which provides a long-term vision on the future and development of the quality of life (leefomgeving) in the country. To what extent does this strategy contribute to sustainable development in the Euroregions around the Netherlands? And to what extent are the citizens concerned being involved in this process?
Dossier 3: Ex-ante evaluation of the (potential) cross-border impact of the structural reinforcement programme to end coal-based power generation in Germany (Kohleausstieg) (Concept)
In Germany, a law is about to enter into force to end coal-based electricity generation. This could have major consequences for the economy around the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, where the economy is still very dependent on coal production for the generation of electricity. The intention is to conduct an ex ante assessment of the potential impact of planned structural investments in the Rhineland (“Rheinisches Revier”), i.e. the Rhenish area of (former) coalfields, on the cross-border region as such.
Dossier 4: The (im)possibility of cross-border training budgets to tackle long-term unemployment?
To counter shortages on the labour market, it may be necessary to work in another country. The same applies in the future when people will be unemployed due to the corona crisis. Targeted training can greatly facilitate placement. However, it is difficult to finance training for a new job in a cross-border setting because it is unclear which country and which employment a gency is responsible for this.
Dossier 5: The cross-border effects of the proposed German "basic pension" (Grundrente)
New legislation is about to come into force in Germany whereby every resident is entitled to a so-called basic pension. This measure is meant to counter poverty among the elderly. It is still unclear what this means in detail for frontier workers working in Germany.
Dossier 6: The cross-border effects of decentralisation in social security: case study on Dutch youth care
Since 2015, youth care in the Netherlands has been (relocated) in(to) the hands of municipalities. As a result, youth care is no longer covered by the EU system that coordinates social security. Therefore, a Dutch family living in Germany but working, going to school and visiting the family doctor in the Netherlands, may run into difficulties if there is a need for youth care.

*For the first time, ITEM worked together with partners from the Transfrontier Euro-Institut Network (TEIN) in order to examine the possible cross-border effects of this EU initiative for four different cross-border regions across Europe. In addition to mapping the impact on these regions’ citizens, businesses and society, this dossier offers a unique opportunity to test and further develop the methodology of the ITEM Cross-Border Impact Assessment throughout other parts of Europe in close collaboration with the TEIN partners.

With its annual Cross-Border Impact Assessment, ITEM provides more insight into the effects on cross-border regions of European and national legislative and policy initiatives. The report is intended as a valuable tool for policymakers at regional, national and European level in making decisions regarding (cross-)border regions. In particular, these impact assessments help to identify existing or future cross-border effects and thus contribute to the political debate. In addition, the results of the examination of individual dossiers allow for timely adaptation of legislative proposals while they are still pending.

The Cross-border Impact Assessment and the separate dossiers are available at the 
ITEM Cross-border Portal.

Project description

When: Annually (from January to September)
Topic: labour mobility
Title: 'ITEM Cross-border Impact Assessment'

What are the effects of national and EU policy and legislation on border regions?

Are cross border workers affected by newly or soon to be implemented national or EU policy/legislation?

One of the main objectives of the Institute for Transnational and Euregional cross border cooperation and mobility / ITEM is to set-up and implement an annual cross border impact assessment report. Currently, there is a lack of information concerning the (expected) impact of national and EU policy and legislation on border regions. ITEM annual cross border impact assessment will start revealing the effects.

ITEM’s cross border impact assessment is aimed at scanning for relevant ex-ante and ex-post legislative and policy related dossiers of the European Union, national (the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg) and regional authorities (i.e. North Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony, Flanders, the Walloon provinces in Belgium, the German-speaking community in Belgium) that might (positively or negatively) impact cross border workers, cross border cooperation and regional socio-economic development.

The assessment offers additional and complementary insights to national and EU initiatives, and aims to be a valuable tool and resource for policy makers when making decisions concerning border regions.

Each year a selection of most relevant topics, that are most worthwhile to study and analyse into more detail, are made based on input from stakeholders. This can be done with an online tool in which stakeholders can contact ITEM directly, by submitting information about dossiers that might be interesting for assessment. ITEM will create a shortlist and start researching the effects on border regions in the months thereafter.