Mr Pauline Kruiniger - van Maanen (P.M.)
- Islamic law notably Islamic family law
- Middle Eastern law
- Private International Law
- Health Law notably in relation to medical-ethical issues
- Gender and human rights issues
- interreligious and multicultural society issues
Professional career history
Pauline Kruiniger (1965, Rotterdam) had various paramedical occupations at the University Hospital Maastricht for more than 15 years when she also took up a study in Dutch law. She holds a law degree from Maastricht University. In 2006, she completed her studies by specializing in Private and Health Law, and in Islamic Law at Leiden University. In October 2006, she was appointed as lecturer Health Law at the Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences of Maastricht University. From September 2007 on, she worked as junior researcher and lecturer in Private International Law at the Faculty of Law of the same university. In 2008, she published her first book on Moroccan divorce modalities in Dutch legal practice (‘Marokkaanse verstotingsvormen in de Nederlandse rechtspraktijk’; Amersfoort: Celsus Juridische Uitgeverij). Due to a grant by The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) in December 2008, she carried out her PhD research about the problematic issue of recognition of Islamic divorces in Europe in the period January 2009-February 2014. She defended her doctoral thesis ‘Islamic Divorces in Europe: bridging the gap between European and Islamic legal orders’ in public on 17 December 2014 at Maastricht University. Her supervisor was Prof. mr. G.-R. de Groot; her co-supervisor Dr. S.W.E. Rutten. In June 2014, she was appointed as postdoctoral researcher in the research project ‘Marital Captivity: Bridging the Gap between Religion and Law’, which is funded by NWO as well and coordinated by Dr. S.W.E. Rutten. In this research project, she investigates legal solutions for women that Dutch Law can offer to prevent or to solve situations of ‘marital captivity’; she also examines legal solutions for women that aim at obtaining a lawful divorce in the country of origin in order to prevent or solve situations of marital captivity there.
Her research interests concern Islamic Law, Middle Eastern Law, Human Rights with a focus on the Rights of Women, Private International Law, Interreligious and Multicultural Society Issues, and Health Law (notably in relation to medical-ethical issues and multiculturalism). She regularly publishes and lectures related to those interests and her research projects. She is a Senior Research Member of NISIS (Netherlands Interuniversity School for Islamic Studies), board member of the RIMO Association (Association of the study of Islam and the Middle East) and is the editor responsible for the publication of the yearly RIMO volumes (see www.verenigingrimo.nl).