Various forms of exericse challenge the functions of our body. The fact that we usually cope well with those circumstances, sometimes under extreme conditions, shows that the body is capable of extensive adaptations. Studying of how our body handles exercise is an excellent way to understand the physiology as a whole. Moreover, the systems that allow us to perform well during exericse are the same that help us to survive diseases. Also, it is becoming increasingly clear that physical exercise is of primary importance for keeping a good health, such as preventing obesitas, diabetes, cardiovascular disease. Paradoxically, many physicians understand little about problems originating from exercise and dissuade often physical exercise in patients. This teaching block aims to study physiology of the human body until the most extreme situations and combine this with better appreciation of physical exercise by future physicians.
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Doelstellingen van dit vak
Learning goals - anatomy, physiology, histology of the neuromuscular system - methods for studying force and velocity - aerobic vs. anaerobic metabolism - measurement of body composition - principles of various forms of exercise training - principles of testing force and velocity - effects of different forms of exercise training in health and disease - anatomy, physiology of respiration, ventilation and gas exchange and their regulation - abnormalities in ventilation and respiration in lung disease - consequences of staying at high altitude, in great depth; both acutely and chronically - effects of training on respiration, ventilation and gas exchange - constraints of exercise capacity by respiratory diseases - cardiovascular changes during exercise - cardiovascular changes due to exercise training - risks of exercise in cardiovascular diseases - exercise as treatment for cardiovascular diseases - fluid and salt management during exercise and heat - temperature regulation during exercise and ambient temperatures - effect ambient temperatures on exercise
Literature and other reading material can be found in electronic block book.