This course will address different approaches to treatment of young offenders. The limited effectiveness of treatment of adult offenders has pointed to the need for preventive interventions with children and adolescents. In this course, students will first be exposed to recent advances in the study of predictors and causes of antisocial behaviour in children. The specific role of neuropsychiatric disorders and family dysfunctioning will be addressed. Subsequently, students will learn about effective interventions used for elementary school age children, such as Parent Management Training Oregon (PMTO) and Stop-Now-And-Plan. Following this, the course will focus on evidence-based treatment programmes for adolescent offenders, such as Functional Family Therapy and MultiSystemic Therapy. Finally, attention will be paid to interventions that have been shown not to work, as well as the negative effects of institutional treatment. Myths about juvenile delinquency will also be discussed. In this four-week course, students will be exposed to a number of different theoretical and interventionist approaches in the area of juvenile offending. A key element will be the What Works approach: interventions that work have a strong theoretical rationale, focus on the relevant risk factors for offending, use routine quality monitoring to prevent programme drift, and are continually evaluated in terms of effectiveness. The relevance of different risk factors, such as neuropsychiatric disorders in the child (e.g., ADHD, autism-spectrum disorders, psychopathy), parental factors (mental disorders, poor parenting skills) and environmental factors (poverty, cultural aspects), will be illustrated. The lectures in this course will be delivered in part by experts from the juvenile justice field. Furthermore, the course will be supplemented with a workshop on using risk assessment tools like SAVRY and EARL.
Doelstellingen van dit vak
Knowledge of: Theories of delinquent behaviour, evidence-based treatment interventions for children, quality control and treatment integrity, risk assessment in young children and adolescents, evidence-based treatment interventions for adolescents, treatment of young institutionalised offenders, iatrogenic effects, effective institutional treatment, risk assessment in adolescent offenders, myths on child delinquent behaviour, myths about adolescent delinquent behaviour.