Personality disorders are chronic patterns of thought, emotion and behaviour that first appear in adolescence or young adulthood and cause dysfunction in relationships, work and other areas. They affect approximately 10% of the general population and are one of the most prevalent forms of psychopathology seen in mental health care settings. Over the past 30 years, there have been significant advances in our understanding of personality disorders, including their phenomenology and classification, development and aetiology. Moreover, while many personality disorder patients were traditionally thought to be untreatable, recent advances in psychotherapy and medication are showing promising indications of effectiveness in this challenging population. This seminar aims to give students an overview of theories, classification issues and treatment models of personality disorders, with an emphasis on current scientific debate. Topics include personality theories relating to personality disorders; biological models of personality disorders (e.g. genetic and neurotransmitter models); psychological models of personality disorders (e.g. modern psychodynamic, conditioning, cognitive, interpersonal, integrative models); sociological perspectives on personality disorders; classifications issues (e.g. DSM-IV diagnosis, Axis I vs. Axis II, categorical vs. dimensional models, polythetic definition, diagnostic techniques); aetiological issues; epidemiological issues; and treatment options.
Doelstellingen van dit vak
Knowledge of: Personality theories; biological models of personality disorders; psychological models of personality disorders; sociological perspectives on personality disorders; classification issues; etiological issues; epidemiological issues; treatment options.