Perception, Attention and Motor Development
Although perception, attention and motor function undergo the most spectacular changes during infancy, development proceeds throughout the course of an individual’s entire lifespan. In the course, students will become acquainted with theories and experimental findings related to the development of these functions, with an emphasis on biological and physiological models. Knowledge about the way in which brain development is linked to the development of specific cognitive functions is crucial for determining the constraints of development theories. During the course, it will become evident to students that perception and motor development are closely related to attention development. Developmental disorders in perception, attention or motor functions can have divergent consequences, depending on the age at which they start. The consequences for brain development and the speed of the development of other functions are different, for instance, if a person is born deaf or if a person becomes deaf at a later age. During the course, a number of common childhood disorders associated with deviant development of perception, attention or motor functions will be discussed. The focus here is on neuropsychological and neurobiological theories on the origins of these developments. Other specific topics are the development of ‘bottom-up’ versus ‘top-down’ attention processes and the role of eye-movements, the development of executive functions and frontal cortex, the development of perceptual-motor functions, ADHD, Gilles de la Tourette and possible intervention and rehabilitation methods (both pharmacological as well as cognitive).
Doelstellingen van dit vak
Knowledge of: Life-span cognitive development, neurobiological theories on cognitive development, constructivism, maturationalism, visual perception development, eye-movement development, attention development, executive control development, frontal lobe development, motor control development, development of action-perception integration, structural brain development, ADHD, Gilles de la Tourette, fronto-striatal circuits, dopaminergic and noradrenergic hypothesis for ADHD.
Research articles, book chapters.