Innovation for Sustainability
Volledige vakbeschrijvingFor meeting the target of limiting global warming to 1.5oC and reducing air pollution, we need innovations and transitions in energy and mobility, whereas for reducing (unsustainable) resource use and waste volumes, we need to close material loops (e.g. transition to a circular economy). Yet achieving those systemic transitions is difficult because of sunk costs advantages of existing technologies, infrastructure needs of new technologies, emerging innovations, institutional rigidities, resistance from incumbents and entrenched practices. In this respect, this course looks at the role of innovation for achieving a sustainable economy, with special attention to barriers, elements and drivers of transformation and the role of public policy from a multi-level perspective. In the first week, the course looks at the sources of carbon-lock-in and the chequered history of Bt cotton (a genetically modified pest resistant plant cotton variety) in India and Europe. The second week, we look at the institutional dimension and the relevant actors (including consumer collectives, cooperatives and intermediary organizations) using the technological innovation system as a framework for evaluating the generative processes and barriers to the diffusion of green technologies. The third week is devoted to the issue of policy. Here we will examine the need for policy mixes and policy evaluation, especially for governance of innovation for sustainability. In the fourth and final week, we will look at the circular economy as a new perspective for business and government. With the help of class presentations, student will learn about cultural, regulatory, market and technological barriers to a circular economy and the role of design thinking, collecting systems, collaborative business models and regulatory policies for increasing the circularity of the national economy. Besides attention to the academic and policy literature, the course will also provide hands-on skills development component. This will take form of a workshop on set theoretical comparative analysis and Q-methodology analysis in the field of innovation for sustainability and a training in causal analysis. This course will also engage directly with stakeholders. This will take the form of field trips to local organizations engaged in the sustainability transitions.
Doelstellingen van dit vakAfter this course, students should be able to • Explain why innovation is important for the economy and the SDGs. • Describe the sources of the carbon lock-in and the lock-in to the take, make and waste paradigm. • Assist policy makers to design better policies to support eco- innovation and a Circular Economy. • Be able to study the dynamics of specific eco-innovations and their macro-economic and social impacts. • Acquire hands-on knowledge and analysis skills in conducting research on small- and medium-sized samples and populations (e.g. QCA and Q Methodology) and subject research articles to a critical analysis from a causality point of view.
11 mei 2020
5 jun 2020
Taal van de opleiding:Engels
Onderwijsmethode:Lecture(s), PBL, Presentation(s)
Evaluatiemethoden:Assignment, Final paper, Presentation
Trefwoorden:innovation, Sustainability, lock-in, transition, circular economy