Students are introduced to the fields of Behavioural Neurology and Neuropsychology: What do pathological conditions in brain structure and function tell us about the relationship between brain and behaviour? Much of what we know about cognitive processes and affective functioning comes from close observation of patients with damage to the central nervous system. This course reviews mechanisms of the relationship between brain and behaviour that are the basis of neuropsychological dysfunctions in people who suffer from brain damage. Students acquire knowledge about the causes and neurobiological effects of brain lesions, and become acquainted with the aetiology and taxonomy of common neurological and neuropsychological syndromes. Functional disturbances that occur after focal or diffuse lesions in different cortical areas, in connecting tracts, in limbic and other subcortical brain structures are discussed, together with the neurocognitive assessment procedures that are commonly used to identify such deficits, including disorders of memory, praxis, language, visual spatial abilities and executive function. This knowledge is essential for an understanding of the principles of neuropsychological rehabilitation, which can be used to support or even improve residual function after brain damage and to ameliorate the life quality of neurological patients.
Doelstellingen van dit vak
Knowledge of: Functional brain anatomy, cerebral vascularisation, Neurophysiology of brain repair, neurological diseases, stroke, epilepsy, traumatic brain injury, alcohol-induced brain dysfunction, Korsakoff’s disease, cognitive control, neuropsychological syndromes, brain plasticity, history of neurospychology, neuropsychological assessment, cognitive rehabilitation.
Understanding at Batchelor level of the hierarchical organisation of brain functions, basic brain anatomy and physiology.
Journal articles, book chapters.