Thinking and Doing I
As the name implies is this block a constitution of two major components: Thinking (‘Brain’) and Doing (‘Movement’). The Thinking part includes the neuroanatomy and vascularisation of the brain and its sensory pathways. Sensory perception (hearing and vision) will be used to explain the afferent pathway systems. The neurophysiology of neuron-neuron and neuron-muscle signalling will also be discussed. Focus on the motion of the lower extremities (hip, knee and ankle). Anatomy and basic functioning of these extremities and their control by the central and peripheral nervous systems will be discussed. The entire process of the movement will be discussed, from the initiation of the movement, via the motor pathways through to reflexes and motor problems. Imbedded in the block is the integration of both themes. It is the failure of proper function of Brain and/or Movement that affects the human characteristics most. This is exemplified by the cases which study pain sensation, propriocepsis loss and the ‘patient with neurological damage’. In short, the block will be aimed mainly at three primary areas, which will be covered either separately or together; we nevertheless hope that the students will be able to integrate the different areas themselves as we go along (knowledge in one of these subject areas simplifies knowledge in one of the other areas).
Doelstellingen van dit vak
Knowledge and insight • Neuroanatomy and vascularisation of the central nervous system at the macroscopic and microscopic levels • Neurotransmission: stimulus generation, propagation and transfer; neurotransmitters and neurotransmitter systems • Neuroanatomy and the function of sensory pathway systems (gnostic and vital, including propriocepsis) • Anatomy and physiology of the ear and the auditory system • Anatomy of the eye and the visual system • Language acquisition • Planning and initiation of motion • Neuroanatomy and function of motor pathway systems • Structure and function of the lower extremities, bones, muscles and joints (hip, knee and ankle) • Basic components of the motor system • Reflexes, coordination, proprioception. Integration knowledge and practice via: • Neurophysiology of pain, perception of pain, pain behaviour • Posture regulation and reflexes • Pathophysiology: relationship between the functioning of parts of the brain, linked to behaviour or failure of functions, particularly learning and memory and motor functions Skills • Function study of the cranial nerves, sensibility, sight and hearing • Study into the movements of the hip, knee and ankle
- D.M.W. Hilkman