China and India in Global Governance
Full course description
This course examines the emerging roles of non-Western actors in institutions of global governance. While traditional scholars of international relations focused on relations between sovereign states, this course addresses the questions of governance in a globalizing world through an examination of the interactions between international organizations (IOs) and sovereign states in shaping the contemporary global order. Given that major IOs have been led by Western powers, exploring the emerging roles of China and India in the Western-centric governance architecture are of particular interest to us. These two countries have experienced unprecedented economic growth in the past decades as they have integrated more with the market economy since the 1980s. Their emerging roles as global players were acknowledged in the U.S National Intelligence Council’s report in 2005, stating, "In the same way that commentators refer to the 1900s as the "American Century," the 21st century may be seen as a time when Asia, led by China and India, comes into its own." We will start off by introducing the theoretical and historical perspectives on global governance. Week 2 will discuss the changes of Chinese and Indian foreign policy strategies and the rationales for their engagement in IOs. Focusing on the selected section of regimes, including climate change and infectious disease, security and terrorism, trade and finance, and also development and foreign aid, Week 3 and 4 will examine the ways in which China and India engage to the existing global governance architecture, the tools they use and the efforts they make to influence or redesign current Western-centric international institutions. Week 5 will take a closer look at the involvement of China and India in regional institutions with overlapping membership, including Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Bangladesh–China–India–Myanmar Forum for Regional Cooperation (BCIM), and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) in Asia. While China and India have worked together to contribute to the regional governance, major security challenges presented by the rising powers to their neighboring countries, such as territorial disputes and river basin management, will also be highlighted. Week 6 will wrap up the course by considering the future global governance: How would the Western-led international institutions incorporate the rising powers? Can China and India collaborate on rising global governance challenges? Are they strategic partners or strategic rivals?
- To understand the evolution of global governance and the current challenges to world order
- To analyze the impacts of emerging powers, China and India, on Western-led international organizations (IOs)
- To understand the different political systems and foreign policy strategies of China and India in comparative perspective
- To apply relevant theoretical and conceptual knowledge to examine real-life cases and issues in the global and regional levels
At least one of the following: COR1003 Contemporary World History and SSC1006/SSC2002 International Relations: Themes and Theories or SSC1025 Introduction to Political Science
- Acharya, Amitav (ed.). 2016. Why Govern? Rethinking Demand and Progress in Global Governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Rosenau, James N. and Ernst-Otto Czempiel (eds.). 2009. Governance Without Government: Order and Change in World Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.