Critical Appraisal of Biomedical Publication
Full course description
Biomedical Sciences covers a broad range of different research approaches and study designs. Results from these studies are reported in articles published in a wide range of journals. Information from these articles is vital for the progression of science. However, a critical view on biomedical publications is necessary to maintain the required level of scientific quality. The design of a study by using the empirical cycle, and the way the study design and results are reported are the main items of the course Critical Appraisal of Biomedical Publications (BBS1006). This course will teach students to recognise and value the diversity of study designs and to critically appraise how results of these studies are reported. The course uses a competency-based approach and will enable students to critically review research quality and methodology as they are used in daily practice. This is done by means of lectures, team-based learning sessions and journal clubs. During this 4-week course students are trained to make so-called critical appraisals of biomedical publications (CABPs) reports. One CABP report will serve as a practice run and will be discussed according to provided feedback. The second CABP report is assessed. Since research not only involves correct reporting but also hands-on skills, a lab-skill test and a calculation test will be conducted in parallel to the theoretical approach. These tests will be assessed. Success in BBS1006 requires a strong collaborative approach to critically assess biomedical publications and research methodology. Furthermore, a critical attitude towards own hand-on skills is required. BBS1006 is assessed with an exam at the end of the course using multiple choice questions that measure critical thinking about a provided article.
Recognise and describe the empirical cycle in published biomedical articles
Gain knowledge on the technical aspects of a biomedical publication
Argue/ value the quality aspects of a biomedical publication with respect to hypothesis, introduction, study design, research methodology, results reporting, results discussion and conclusions.
Suggest alternatives and solutions related to flaws in publications
Make supported decisions/ balanced choices when designing a biomedical study
The students develop a critical attitude towards research methodology
- A number of biomedical publications
- Several quality checklists
- Literature around quality checklists
- Various books on research methodology