Introduction in Problem-Based Learning
Full course description
The choice for Maastricht as a place to study also means a choice for an educational approach quite different to what is offered elsewhere. In Maastricht, education is based on the Problem-Based Learning (PBL) method.
As opposed to other traditional educational approaches, Problem-Based Learning is not centred around the transfer of information from the lecturer to the student, but rather based on the learning process of the student.
In small groups approximately 12 students meet once or twice weekly. The students discuss specific problems in depth. These problems are formulated in such a way that students are led to pose all types of explanatory questions; e.g. how did the presented phenomenon come about? Based on this discussion, students formulate the subject matter to be studied.
The PBL approach and group discussions stimulate students to acquire relevant knowledge, insight and skills relatively independently. This emphasis on self-motivation is a core feature of Problem-Based Learning. After individually acquiring the relevant knowledge, it is shared with the other group members and discussed.
During this course, students will learn and practice the skills needed to be successful in tutorial group meetings. They learn working together as a team and making sure all group members get the opportunity to join the discussion.
The students learn how to communicate with each other, taking into account the different backgrounds of all group members. They learn how to lead a discussion as a student discussion leader during these sessions.
- are able to explain the PBL system and are able to implement the approach;
- can reflect on the group processes and reflect on their own performance in the tutorial group;
- can give examples on how to adapt their performance in a group (teambuilding);
- have knowledge of communication skills and leading a group and are able to demonstrate this knowledge in a new situation.