Concepts of Criminal Procedure
Full course description
Criminal law systems within the EU differ, although they are all governed by the fundamental rights enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). In this course the principles and standards of criminal procedure shall be examined through the comparative study of three national systems: the Dutch, English and German. These systems mirror different legal families and approaches to criminal procedure. The ECHR standards shall be used as a common basis. Pre-trial and trial phase of criminal proceedings shall be both addressed. The topics examined include investigations, arrest and pre-trial detention, suspect interrogation, prosecution, defence rights during trial and the use of illegally obtained evidences.
- Students are expected to prepare thoroughly, participate during tutorials, solve case studies, and prepare group presentations.
The aim of this course is to get acquainted with the main features of the Dutch, English and German criminal procedure and the ECHR standards. At the end of the course students will be able to:
- Identify the characteristics of inquisitorial and adversarial traditions.
- Assess their differences and similarities.
- Illustrate the main features of German, English and Dutch criminal procedure.
- Understand how crime control and due process influence coercive measures.
- Comprehend the conditions for applying the major investigative measures, for conducting lawful interrogations, and arrest and detain suspects in the three jurisdictions.
- Comprehend the increasing importance of procedural rights at the pre-trial stage.
- Identify the conditions under which prosecution takes place and the challenges with plea bargain.
- Gain insight into the conditions and exceptions of the right to confrontation.
- Understand the conditions for the use of illegally obtained evidence in trial.
- Assess the legal standards found in the ECHR for all the above topics and become acquainted with the leading jurisprudence of the ECtHR in those issues.
- Develop important skills, i.e. learn how to read case law and solve practical case studies.
Good knowledge and understanding of concepts of substantive criminal law.
Collection of literature in the course’s reader and case law found via online sources.