Ethics of Health Care Research
Full course description
This module provides both a basic introduction into ethical aspects of healthcare research as a deepening of some specific ethical issues in conducting healthcare research
Basic questions which will be dealt with are: What is the historical background of the development of research ethics? Which ethical problems are related to health research as compared to health care? How can researchers deal with these problems? How can researchers identify and deal with potential tensions between ethical requirements and methodological restraints?Which is the role of the Research Ethics Committee (REC)?
Specific ethical issues in healthcare research which will be explored are a.o.: What is the value of informed consent and what are possible exceptions? When and why is it justified to use deception in research? What about involving vulnerable people – children, mentally handicapped, prisoners, etc. – into healthcare research? What ethical issues are raised by biobanks? What does research integrity require from health researchers?
In a training session the writing of a participant information leaflet will be trained, because this a key-document to enhance or safeguard informed consent by potential research participants.
Knowledge and insight
- Knowledge and insight with regard to the historical background of (research) ethics
- Knowledge and insight with regard to central concepts in research ethics (respect for autonomy, risks, burdens and potential benefits of the research)
- Knowledge and insight with regard to specific ethical issues (vulnerable participants, biobanks, deception, design-related) in healthcare research and how to behave ethically responsible regarding these issues.
- Knowledge and insight with regard to the theory and practice of ethical reviewing of research protocols
Applying knowledge and understanding
- Ability to identify ethical issues when designing healthcare research
- Ability to write Participant Information Leaflet such as to enhance and safeguard informed consent
- Ability to identify and discuss ethically salient arguments
- Ability to develop a balanced view on basic ethical problems in research with human beings.
- Ability to communicate arguments and conclusions to colleagues in the tutor group.
- Ability to describe complex scientific research in a way comprehensible for laypeople participants
- Study and understand conceptual aspects of research ethics.
- Ability to discuss ethical issues with fellow-students
Literature will be announced in the course book, covering historical, judicial and ethical sources.