What is defined as Health has been changing during the past years.
Specially Occupational Health. This has been one of the key concepts we are analysing this past weeks.
Therefore, nowadays it is essential to acknowledge that not all those people under sick leave actually present a disease and/or illness.
This is the POV that we, as specialists in balancing work - personal life - health, must never forget!
To illustrate, the picture shows why when locating only those absent from work due to a disease or health condition we might overlook others.
If you want to further understand the importance of this new POV, I recommend the following article:
Wikman A, Marklund S, Alexanderson K Illness, disease, and sickness absence: an empirical test of differences between concepts of ill health Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2005;59:450-454.