Universiteit Maastricht

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Dr. H Dijkstra (Hylke)


Assistant Professor

Faculty / Department
  • Arts and Social Sciences
Dr. H  Dijkstra


Dr Hylke Dijkstra is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Political Science of Maastricht University, The Netherlands.
He was previously a Marie Curie Fellow at the Department of Politics and International Relations of the University of Oxford, where he was also affiliated to Nuffield College.


Hylke Dijkstra holds a PhD in Political Science (cum laude) from Maastricht University. He read Contemporary European Studies (MPhil) in Cambridge and European Studies (BA) and Economics (BSc) in Maastricht. During his graduate and undergraduate studies, he spent short periods at Yale University, the Corvinus University of Budapest and Stockholm University. He also worked for the Dutch EU Presidency at the Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York and DG Enlargement of the European Commission.


Hylke Dijkstra is interested in the role of international organizations in the area of security. He has published extensively on policy-making in the context of the European Union, NATO and the United Nations, including in Cooperation and Conflict, European Integration Online Papers, International Peacekeeping, Journal of European Public Policy and the Review of International Organizations. He is author of Policy-Making in EU Security and Defense (Palgrave, 2013).


Hylke Dijkstra is the winner of the 2008 prize for best article in European Foreign Affairs Review for scholars under the age of thirty-five. For his dissertation, he received the Otto von der Gablentz Academic Prize and the G.A. Van Poelje Prize.




New publication: Policy-Making in EU Security and Defense: An Institutional Perspective (Palgrave, 2013) (bookshop).


New publication: 'Functionalism, multiple principals and the reform of the NATO secretariat after the Cold War', Cooperation and Conflict (online available).



Professional Career History



PhD in Political Science, Maastricht University, cum laude (download) (2007-2011)

MPhil in Contemporary European Studies, University of Cambridge (2006-2007)

BA in European Studies, Maastricht University (2002-2005)

BSc in International Economics, Maastricht University (2001-2005)

Professional Experience

Assistant Professor, Maastricht University (2012-2017)


Marie Curie Research Fellow, University of Oxford (2012-2014)


Non-stipendiary Research Fellow, Nuffield College (2012-2014)


Postdoctoral Researcher, Maastricht University (2011-2012)



Honours and Awards

G.A. van Poelje Annual Prize for best dissertation in Public Administration (2013)


Otto van der Gablentz Academic Prize for best dissertation on European integration (2012)

EU Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship (2011)

Annual prize for best article published in the European Foreign Affairs Review by a scholar under the age of thirty-five (2009)


Professional activities


Referee for African Security, Cooperation and Conflict, European Integration Online Papers, European Security, Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, International Peacekeeping, International Studies Perspectives, Journal of Common Market Studies, Journal of Contemporary European Research, Journal of European Integration, Journal of European Public Policy, Journal of International Organizations Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, Politics and Governance, Studia Diplomatica.


Co-organizer workshop "Explaining Authority in International Organizations", Brussels (2014).


Co-organizer workshop "Authority and Control in International Organizations" at ECPR Joint Sessions, Salamanca (2014).


Co-organizer workshop "Secretariats of International Organizations", Oxford (2013)


Co-chair section "International Organisations in Times of Crisis" at 8th Pan-European Conference on International Relations, Warsaw (2013).

Campus Brussels Steering Group FASoS (2010-2011).


Co-organizer workshop "Bureaucracy and the European Security and Defence Policy", Maastricht (2009).


Co-founder and co-chair of the European Studies alumni platform Brussels (2007-2010).

PhD Representative for the Netherlands Institute of Government (2008-2010).

Faculty Advisor EuroSim (2008-2010).

Research Projects


Beyond Sovereignty: Delegation and Agency in International Security (2012-2014)

The United Nations (UN), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and European Union (EU) currently have a record number of 250,000 troops deployed – up from 11,000 in 1989 and 90,000 in 2002. From Afghanistan to Congo, Haiti and Kosovo, these soldiers monitor inter-state agreements, provide stability and even fight insurgency. They oftentimes perform their duties in difficult environments. In their day-to-day operations, they are supported by a plethora of international bureaucracies in Brussels and New York employing thousands of civil servants. These bureaucracies play a vital role in the success or failure of military operations.

This project investigates why sovereign states delegate such important functions to international organizations in international security. It also analyses under which conditions international organizations exert influence in policy-making. The project is based at the University of Oxford and is funded by the FP7 Marie Curie IEF Programme of the European Union.

The Role of the Council Secretariat and the European Commission in EU Foreign Policy (2007-2011)

This PhD project analysed the Role of the Council Secretariat of the European Commission in EU Foreign Policy (1999-2009). It consisted of two parts. Firstly, the project looked at the delegation of tasks to the European Commission and the Council Secretariat in the sensitive field of foreign and security policy, which was traditionally seen as the domaine réservé of the EU member states. Secondly, the Ph.D. project looked at the political influence of civil servants of the European Commission and the Council Secretariat post-delegation.



Books and Special Issues


2) H. Dijkstra (2013), Policy-Making in EU Security and Defense: An Institutional Perspective, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan (bookshop). Reviewed in the Journal of Common Market Studies and European Security.


1) S. Vanhoonacker, H. Dijkstra and H. Maurer (eds) (2010), 'Understanding the Role of Bureaucracy in the European Security and Defence Policy', European Integration Online Papers 14, special issue 1, 243pp. (online available).

Peer-reviewed journal articles

16) H. Dijkstra (2015) 'Shadow Bureaucracies and the Unilateral Control of International Secretariats: Insights from UN Peacekeeping', Review of International Organizations, accepted.


15) H. Dijkstra (2015) 'Functionalism, multiple principals and the reform of the NATO secretariat after the Cold War', Cooperation and Conflict, published via OnlineFirst (pre-submission version) (online version).


14) J. Bucher, L. Engel, S. Harfensteller and H. Dijkstra (2013) 'Domestic Politics, News Media and Humanitarian Intervention: Why France and Germany Diverged over Libya', European Security 22(4), pp. 524-539 (pre-submission version).


13) H. Dijkstra (2012), 'Efficiency versus Sovereignty: Delegation to the UN Secretariat in Peacekeeping', International Peacekeeping 19(5), pp. 581-596.


12) H. Dijkstra (2012), 'Agenda-Setting in the Common Security and Defence Policy: An Institutionalist Perspective', Cooperation and Conflict 47(4), pp. 454-472.

11) H. Dijkstra (2012), 'The Influence of EU Officials in European Security and Defence', European Security 21(3), pp. 311-327.

10) H. Dijkstra and S. Vanhoonacker (2011), 'The Changing Politics of Information in European Foreign Policy', Journal of European Integration 33(5), pp. 541-558 (final version).

9) H. Dijkstra (2011), 'The Planning and Implementation of the Rule of Law Mission of the European Union in Kosovo', Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding 5(2), pp. 193-210 (final version).

8) M. Pieper, M. Winter, A. Wirtz and H. Dijkstra (2011), 'The European Union as an actor in Arctic Governance', European Foreign Affairs Review 16(2), pp. 227-242.

7) H. Dijkstra (2011), 'EU External Representation in Conflict Resolution: When does the Presidency or the High Representative Speak for Europe?', European Integration Online Papers 15(1), pp. 1-23 (online available).

6) H. Dijkstra (2010), 'Explaining variation in the role of the EU Council Secretariat in first and second pillar policy-making', Journal of European Public Policy 17(4), pp. 527-544 (final version).

5) H. Dijkstra (2010), 'The Military Operation of the EU in Chad and the Central African Republic: Good Policy, Bad Politics', International Peacekeeping 17(3), pp. 395-407 (final version).

4) S. Vanhoonacker, H. Dijkstra and H. Maurer (2010), 'Understanding the Role of Bureaucracy in the European Security and Defence Policy: The State of the Art', European Integration Online Papers 14, special issue 1, pp. 1-33 (online available).

3) H. Dijkstra (2009), 'Commission Versus Council Secretariat: An Analysis of Bureaucratic Rivalry in European Foreign Policy', European Foreign Affairs Review 14(3), pp. 431-450 (pre-submission version).

2) H. Dijkstra (2008), 'The Council Secretariat's Role in the Common Foreign and Security Policy', European Foreign Affairs Review 13(2), pp. 149-166 (pre-submission version).

1) H. Dijkstra (2008), 'De Europese Commissie en het EU-Raadssecretariaat in het GBVB' [The European Commission and the EU Council Secretariat in the CFSP], Res Publica 50(2), pp. 123-147 (online available).

Chapters in edited volumes

4) H. Dijkstra (2014), 'Information in EU Security and Defence', in T. Blom and S. Vanhoonacker (eds), The Politics of Information: The Case of the European Union, Basingstoke: Palgrave (bookshop).

3) H. Dijkstra (2014), 'Approaches to Delegation in EU Foreign Policy: The Case of the Commission' in M. Wilga and I. Karolewski (eds), New Approaches to EU Foreign Policy, London: Routledge (pre-submission version) (bookshop).

2) H. Dijkstra and M. Vink (2012), 'The Development of European Integration Studies in Political Science: the Netherlands' in F. Bindi and K. Eliassen (eds), Analyzing European Union Politics, Bologna: Il Mulino (pre-submission version) (bookshop).

1) H. Dijkstra (2011), 'Solana and his Civil Servants: An Overview of Political-Administrative Relations' in G. Mueller-Brandeck-Bocquet and C. Rueger (eds), The High Representative for the EU Foreign and Security Policy: Review and Prospects, Baden-Baden: Nomos (pre-submission version) (bookshop).

Other academic and professional contributions

23) H. Dijkstra (2013) 'European External Action Service: Towards the 2013 Review', Studia Diplomatica 65(4): 3-12.


22) H. Dijkstra (2013), Book review of D. Mahncke and S. Gstøhl (eds), 'European Union Diplomacy: Coherence, Unity and Effectiveness' (Brussels, Peter Lang, 2012), Journal of Common Market Studies 51(4): 809.


21) H. Dijkstra (2013), Book review of Mark Webber, James Sperling and Martin Smith, 'NATO's Post-Cold War Trajectory: Decline or Regeneration?' (Palgrave, Basingstoke, 2012), European Security 22(3): 432-433.


20) H. Dijkstra (2013), 'EU Reform: Five recommendations for the European Foreign Service', Politics in Spires, 11 February, online available at: http://www.politicsinspires.org.


19) H. Dijkstra (2013), 'De Britten sleutelen al 40 jaar aan "EU à la carte"', De Volkskrant, 16 January, p. 29.


18) H. Dijkstra (2012) 'Written Evidence on European External Action Service', UK House of Lords Select Committee on the European Union, 21 December, online available at: http://www.parliament.uk.

17) H. Dijkstra (2012) 'Post-Afghanistan, NATO will be 65 and out of a job', Defence Management, online available at: http://www.defencemanagement.com.

16) H. Dijkstra (2012) 'Chicago a missed opportunity to brainstorm NATO's future', Public Service Europe, online available at: http://www.publicserviceeurope.com.

15) H. Dijkstra (2012) 'De Toekomst van de NAVO is Grauw', VRT De Redactie, online available at: http://opinie.deredactie.be.

14) H. Dijkstra (2011) 'Europe needs a permanent military headquarters', Defence Management, online available at: http://www.defencemanagement.com.

13) H. Dijkstra (2011) 'Why the EU needs a military headquarters', Public Service Europe, online available at: http://www.publicserviceeurope.com.

12) H. Dijkstra & S. Vanhoonacker (2011) 'Arabische lente blijkt Europese nachtmerrie', De Hofvijver [Montesquieu Instituut] 1(2), online available at: http://www.montesquieu-instituut.nl.

11) S. Vanhoonacker & H. Dijkstra (2011) 'Arabische lente blijkt Europese nachtmerrie', VRT De Redactie, online available at:

10) H. Dijkstra (2010), 'Eén jaar EULEX Kosovo: Resultaten en Uitdagingen' [EULEX Kosovo at One: Results and Challenges], Internationale Spectator 64(6), pp. 336-340.

9) H. Dijkstra (2010), Book review of Jan Orbie, 'Theorie van de Europese integratie: Ideeën, belangen en instellingen' (Uitgeverij Acco, Leuven, 2009), Internationale Spectator 64(4), pp. 235-236.

8) S. Vanhoonacker, H. Dijkstra, H. Maurer, P. Petrov & K. Pomorska (2009), 'Understanding the Role of the Administrative Level in ESDP: Towards a New Research Agenda', CFSP Forum 7(4), pp. 15-17.

7) H. Dijkstra (2008), Book review of Jan Werts, 'The European Council' (John Harper, London, 2008), Internationale Spectator 62(11), pp. 629-630.

6) H. Dijkstra (2008), 'Commission versus Council Secretariat: an overview of bureaucratic rivalry in European foreign policy', CFSP Forum 6(5), pp. 5-8.

5) H. Dijkstra (2008), Book review of Giovanni Grevi, 'Pioneering foreign policy: the EU Special Representatives' (EU ISS, Paris, 2007), Internationale Spectator 62(2), pp. 111-112.

4) S. Vanhoonacker & H. Dijkstra (2007), 'Beyond Note-Taking: CFSP challenges for the Council Secretariat', CFSP Forum 5(6), pp. 1-5.

3) P. Petrov & H. Dijkstra (2007), 'Towards maturity: the recent institutional reform of the ESDP', CFSP Forum 5(5), pp. 6-9.

2) H. Dijkstra (2007), 'Het tweede militaire hoofdkwartier in Brussel: Nieuwste duplicatie in relatie EU-NAVO' [The second military headquarters in Brussels: Most recent duplication in EU-NATO relationship], Internationale Spectator 61(9), pp. 425-428.

1) S. Vanhoonacker & H. Dijkstra (2006), 'EU-Raadssecretariaat en Europees buitenlands beleid: Meer dan een griffier' [EU Council Secretariat and European foreign policy: more than a note-taker], Internationale Spectator 60(12), pp. 636-641.

Official Publications




1) Negotiations Skills (2014)


Courses and skills training

1) MARBLE Honours Seminar 'Emerging Powers and Global Governance', BA-3 (2015)

2) International Relations, BA-2 (2015)

3) European and the World, RMES (2015)

4) Negotiations Skills, BA-2 (2007, 2014)

5) Research and Writing, BA-1 (2007, 2014)

6) MARBLE Honours Seminar 'Who Speaks for Europe?', BA-3 (2010-2012)

7) External Relations of the European Union, BA-3 (2008-2010)

8) European Policy Process Skills, MA (2011)

9) European History, BA-1 (2007)

Undergraduate/graduate theses

1) Thesis supervision, MPhil Oxford (2012-2014)

2) Thesis supervision, MA (2009, 2011, 2012, 2015)

3) Thesis supervision, BA-3 (2008-2012, 2015)

4) Thesis supervision, BA-2 (2009, 2011, 2012)


Other teaching

1) Mentoring (2014)

2) Internships (2014)