Universiteit Maastricht


Dissertations over the past years

Ozigré Privat, Koffi M., Les organes restreints des organisations internationales (Université de Cocody, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire). Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Michael G. Faure LL.M.

Liu, Jing
, The Establishment of Compensation Mechanisms for Ecological Damage in China (Maastricht, the Netherlands). Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Michael G. Faure LL.M., defended at Maastricht University on 27 June 2013

Ecological damage has long been neglected, for as a res nullius, the environment has been deemed of little value until recently. As the negative impact of ecological damage is becoming much more transparent and the diverse value of the environment is better understood, many nations and regions have began to legislate on compensation for ecological damage. The increasing importance ecological damage gains and the heatedly discussed compensation mechanisms incite the research question: how to design an effective and efficient compensation system for ecological damage, and what should be done for its establishment in China?

François TchocaLa contribution du droit penal de l’environnement à la repression des atteintes à l’environnement en droit positif béninois (Bénin, Cotonou), defended at Maastricht University on 15 November 2012

Bénin following the example of the other African countries is confronted with a continuous degradation of the natural and environmental resources. Can the criminal law of the environment, just like the other legal disciplines, contribute effectively to the protection the aforementioned resources? This problem which underlay our research works lifts (raises) certain number of legal concerns which determine the future of the criminal law of the environment.
This study is an analytical and critical diagnosis of the penal system of protection of the current environment in Bénin.

N'Sinto Lawson, L’effectivite du droit a l’eau face au processus de liberalisation du secteur de l’eau en afrique subsaharienne (Lomé, Togo), defended at Maastricht University on 15 November  2012
Regarded as the need for having sufficient drinking water to survive and adequate equipment to recover  used  water,  the  right  to  water  finds difficultly  its  marks.  And  yet,  nothing  justifies  this  political and intellectual nonchalance with regard to the matter, because water is incontestably the  first  of  the  essential  needs  for  human.  It  is  essential  it  to  specify  that  the  lack  of  water constitutes  the  first  cause  of  mortality  in  the  world,  in    front  of  malnutrition.  The  need  to  make  effective  this  right to water in Africa,  passes  by  the  adoption  of  multiple measurements in particular the protection of the water  resources and the urgency to make more readable water policies.

Laura TilindyteSafety regulation and the prevention of work-related accidents, 26 October 2012 

Dakouri Jean-Claude, Le transport maritime des hydrocarbures, defended at Maastricht University on 19 December 2011
Preventive and curative fight against oil spills are an undeniable fact nowadays. The law system of prevention of oil spills regulates the construction of ships and emissions of hydrocarbons. It estab-lishes, inter alia, double hull and on shore reception facilities requirements. Curative measures con-sist in operational measures and compensation rules for victims of oil spills. However, fight against oil spills in Africa is thwarted by the lack of integrated emergency response plans. Compensation rules are sufficiently underdeterrent in comparison with classic rules of evidence of oil pollution damages and the causal link between these damages and the polluter ship activity. 

Carolle Atontsa, Droit international de l’environnement et droit à l’eau potable en Afrique Centrale : le cas du Cameroun, defended at Maastricht University on 9 November 2011
For years, numerous studies and conferences were focused on the right to water, but, none of them have solved the problem of guaranteeing it. Several texts recognized the existence of this right, without giving it the character of binding law. This thesis seeks to: give to the right to drinking water a better definition, find against whom this right must be guaranteed, transpose the best situations in Central Africa and in Cameroon in particular, find sketches solutions to difficulties encountered in implementing this right in Cameroun.

Miriam Haritz, An Inconvenient Deliberation - The Precautionary Principle's Contribution to the Uncertainties Surrounding Climate Change Liability, defended at Maastricht University on 17 December 2010
The thesis’ focus is on a legal perspective on the interdisciplinary problem of Climate Change in terms of the responsibility and the liability for damage, which results from the activities of multiple actors. In an integrative, problem‐oriented manner, the book scrutinizes how scientific uncertainties translate into legal uncertainties in a liability claim over the damaging consequences of Climate Change. In this context, it analyzes how the Precautionary Principle, a principle aimed at making uncertainty manageable, can help to overcome some of the legal obstacles in such a claim, whilst, at the same time, potentially creating new liabilities. The book advocates for a consistent application of the principle, taking due account of its flexible interpretation in both public and private decision-making, and in judicial appreciation in Climate Change liability cases.

Sarah Schoenmaekers, The Regulations of Architects in Belgium and the Netherlands: a Comparative Analysis, defended at Maastricht University on 14 October 2010
This thesis examines the regulation of architects in Belgium and the Netherlands and discusses who is allowed to use the title and practice the profession.  Also the contractual liability of architects is compared. The free movement of architects is analyzed in an EU context. Finally the book contains an economic analysis of the regulation of architects to determine whether the Dutch of Belgian regulation is necessary and proportional to reach the goals set. In this way the thesis aims to determine whether the Dutch or the Belgian combination of regulations and contract law provisions is most cost-efficient from an economic point of view.

Yves-Didier Tiebley, La Côte d’Ivoire et la question durable des ressources naturelles marines, defended at Maastricht University on 20 May 2010

Véronique Bruggeman, Financial compensation for victims after catastrophes, defended at Maastricht University on 4 March 2010

Javier de Cendra de Larragán, Distributional choices in climate change policy: in search of a legal framework, defended at Maastricht University on 4 March 2010
This thesis analyses, from the perspective of legal principles, choices made in EU law concerning the distribution of benefits and costs arising from climate change policies. It recommends making a number of changes to EU climate change law, to reduce tensions between choices and principles. Examples are: review EU policy on biofuels, particularly in relation to imported biofuels; review the approach of the EU to burden sharing between Member States, to ensure that old Member States do not profit from past inactions; monitor closely the interactions that may take place among mitigation measures recently adopted, in order to swiftly correct undesired (distributional) impacts; reconsider the EU approach to burden sharing at international level, in particular the equal per capita approach, and start considering at theoretical level the feasibility of EU-wide personal carbon trading.

G. Kaminskaite-Salters, Climate Change Litigation under English Law, defended at Maastricht University on 11 February 2010 

A. Wibisana, Economic Analysis of the precautionary principle, defended at Maastricht University on 25 April 2008 

L. Deben, De optimale inrichting van de verkeersboete in België en Nederland vanuit een strafrechtelijk en bestuursrechtelijk perspectief, defended at Maastricht University on 21 December 2007

S. Weishaar, Law & Economics Analysis of the European Greenhouse Emissions Trading System: Allocation and Competition, defended at Maastricht University on 20 December 2007

K. De Smedt, Environmental Liability in a Federal System. A Law & Economics Analysis, defended at Maastricht University on 19 December 2007

L. Onofri, Contracts in the restructured electricity market. A law and economics perspective, defended at Maastricht University on 21 June 2006

N. Philipsen, Regulation of and by pharmacists in the Netherlands and Belgium. An Economic Approach, defended at Maastricht University on 11 December 2003

M. van Dam, Verkeersongevallen. Een rechtseconomisch, empirisch en positiefrechtelijk onderzoek naar de werking van aansprakelijkheid, verzekering en veiligheidsregulering in het verkeer, defended at Maastricht University on 14 December 2001

T. Vanden Borre, Efficiënte preventie en compensatie van catastroferisico’s. Het voorbeeld van schade door kernongevallen, defended at Maastricht University on 29 June 2001 

D. Roef, Strafbare overheden. Een rechtsvergelijkende studie naar de strafrechtelijke aansprakelijkheid van overheden voor milieuverstoring, defended at Maastricht University on 27 June 2001 (cum laude)

M.J.C. Visser, Zorgplichtbepalingen in het strafrecht, defended at Maastricht University on 30 March 2001